Welcome to Francis Academic Press

International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology, 2022, 4(9); doi: 10.25236/IJFS.2022.040918.

The Influence of RCEP on the Regulation of Cross-Border Data Flow and China's Response


Ziyi Xu

Corresponding Author:
Ziyi Xu

Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang, 050000, China


The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP), as an important regional Free Trade Area agreement (FTA), provides for new provisions for cross-border data flow. RCEP focuses on the security, which allows cross-border data flow basis on respecting national data sovereignty while setting up basic security exceptions. This respect-based cooperation and co-governance model is different from the "zero-sum game" in Europe and the United States.In addition, the RCEP cross-border data flow clause plays a great significant role in promoting regional digital governance and improving the global data flow rules when the WTO related rules lag behind.As the RCEP contracting party, China should be as the external driving force, on the fundamental of the national security concept to expand the level of open cross-border data flow, form data governance "Chinese template", contribute to digital development and data governance wisdom and Chinese solutions, promote a more inclusive, more open digital pattern of international law.


cross-border data flow; RCEP; regional trade agreement; data regulation; data security; data sovereignty; digital economy

Cite This Paper

Ziyi Xu. The Influence of RCEP on the Regulation of Cross-Border Data Flow and China's Response. International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology (2022), Vol. 4, Issue 9: 113-120. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFS.2022.040918.


[1] Mitchell, A., & Mishra, N. (2021). WTO Law and Cross-Border Data Flows: An Unfinished Agenda. In M. Burri (Ed.), Big Data and Global Trade Law (pp. 83-112). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108919234.006

[2] Xu Duoqi. International pattern of cross-border flow of personal data regulation and China's response [J]. Law Forum, 2018, 33 (03): 130-137.

[3] Sun Nanxiang. CPTPP digital trade rules: institutional game, standard differences and China's response [J / OL]. Academic Forum: 1-10 [2022-07-18]. DOI:10.16524/j.45-1002.20220701.001.

[4] Dan Jerker B. Svantesson, The regulation of cross-border data flows, International Data Privacy Law, Volume 1, Issue 3, August 2011, Pages 180–198, https://doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipr012

[5] Wu Weiguang. Criticism of Personal Data Information Private Rights Protection under Big Data Technology [J]. Politics and Law, 2016(07):116-132. DOI:10.15984/j.cnki.1005-9512.2016.07.011.

[6] Xu Chengyujin. WTO E-commerce Rules negotiation and China's response plan [J]. International Economic Review, 2020 (03): 29-57 + 4.

[7] Susan Aaronson. Why Trade Agreements are not Setting Information Free: The Lost History and Reinvigorated Debate over Cross-Border Data Flows, Human Rights, and National Security [J]. World Trade Review. 2015 (4).

[8] Mattoo Aaditya, Meltzer Joshua P. International Data Flows and Privacy: The Conflict and Its Resolution [J]. Journal of International Economic Law. 2018 (4).

[9] Yakovleva S., Irion K. The Best of Both Worlds? Free Trade in Services and EU Law on Privacy and Data Protection [J]. European Data Protection Law Review. 2016 (2)

[10] Zhang Yu. The application dilemma of international Investment Protection Rules under the rise of data localization measures [J]. Wuhan Review of International Law, 2021, 5(04): 139-157. DOI: 10. 13871/j.cnki.whuilr. 2021.04.012.

[11] Li Dongdong. Evolution, differences and enlightenment of the path of digital trade liberalization in the Asia-Pacific region [J]. Asia-Pacific Economy, 2021 (04): 23-32. DOI:10.16407/j.cnki. 1000- 6052.2021.04.003.

[12] Willemyns Ines. Agreement Forthcoming? A Comparison of EU, US, and Chinese RTAs in Times of Plurilateral E-Commerce Negotiations [J]. Journal of International Economic Law. 2020 (1)

[13] Wu Chien-Huei. ASEAN at the Crossroads: Trap and Track between CPTPP and RCEP [J]. Journal of International Economic La. 2020 (1)

[14] Jie Huang. Comparison of E-commerce Regulations in Chinese and American FTAs: Converging Approaches, Diverging Contents, and Polycentric Directions? [J]. Netherlands International Law Review. 2017 (2)

[15] Li Mosi. CPTPP + Digital Trade Rules, Influences and Countermeasures [J]. International Economic and Trade Exploration, 2020, 36(12):20-32. DOI:10.13687/j.cnki.gjjmts. 2020.12.002.

[16] Ma Qijia, Li Xiaonan. Research on Cross-border Data Flow Regulatory Rules under the Background of International Digital Trade [J]. International Trade, 2021(03): 74-81. DOI:10. 14114/j.cnki.itrade. 2021.03.010.

[17] Mishra Neha. Regulating Cross-Border Data Flows in a Data-Driven World: How WTO Law Can Contribute [J]. Mitchell Andrew D, Journal of International Economic Law. 2019 (3)