Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Academic Journal of Medicine & Health Sciences, 2023, 4(10); doi: 10.25236/AJMHS.2023.041001.

Study on the Influence of Life Style on Constitution, Health and Disease of Residents in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province


Liu Yu1, Tong Yajing1, Sun Lijun2

Corresponding Author:
Sun Lijun

1Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China, 712046

2Health Culture Research Center of Shaanxi International Business College, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China, 712000


In order to understand the life style, health status, physical type and frequent diseases of residents in Guanzhong area of Shaanxi province, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention of local chronic diseases. This survey adopts the method of random sampling, and selects 1500 permanent residents in Guanzhong area, according to their health status (disease history, self-health cognition, obesity status, mental status, etc.), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, exercise, diet, sleep, etc.), physical type, frequent diseases, etc. A total of 1427 cases were included in the survey, including 837 males and 590 females, and the residents' self-health cognition was good; The average body mass index (BMI) was 23.68 kg /m2 for males and 20.90 kg /m2 for females, and the obesity rate was 14.9%. The BMI of residents increased with age before 60 years old, but decreased after 60 years old. Phlegm-dampness constitution was the most common constitution, followed by peace constitution and Yin deficiency constitution, and the distribution of other constitution types was less than these three constitution types. The main chronic diseases were diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Residents had higher salt intake and more irregular diet. Smoking, drinking and second-hand smoke inhalation are more serious; Fewer residents took exercise in their spare time. More than half of the patients experienced major events and bad mental state in 1 year; Local residents sleep poorly, often staying up late or poor sleep quality affecting the next day workers accounted for 56.3%. Through investigation, it is found that the residents in Guanzhong area have unhealthy lifestyle such as high-oil and high-salt diet, lack of exercise, smoking, drinking, etc., which leads to phlegm-dampness constitution and Yin deficiency constitution. Diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are high incidence diseases. Adjusting the way of life can help improve the health condition of local residents, and carry out targeted prevention and treatment of residents' physical disease-related diseases.


Guanzhong Area; Urban and rural residents; Lifestyle; State of health; Constitution; Chronic diseases; The prevention and treatment of diseases

Cite This Paper

Liu Yu, Tong Yajing, Sun Lijun. Study on the Influence of Life Style on Constitution, Health and Disease of Residents in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province. Academic Journal of Medicine & Health Sciences (2023) Vol. 4, Issue 10: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJMHS.2023.041001.


[1] China Working Group on Obesity. Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of overweight and obesity in Chinese adults [J]. Chinese Journal of Nutrition, 2004,26 (1) : 1-4.

[2] Wang Qi. Classification of 9 basic constitution types of traditional Chinese medicine and their diagnostic expression basis [J]. Journal of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2005, 28(4):1-8.

[3] Wang Longde. The Opportunities and challenges of "Healthy China 2030" [J]. Science and Technology Guide, 2018,36 (22) : 8-11.

[4] Su Lining, Jia Jiangrong, Yuan Weiyu. Research on the Construction of Public health service model of "combination of physical Medicine" in urban community under the background of "Big Health" [J]. Education and Teaching Forum, 2019, (26) : 12-13.

[5] Xu S Y. Prevalence characteristics of diabetes in rural Shaanxi Province and analysis of diabetes characteristics in eastern and western provinces [D]. Fourth Military Medical University, 2013.

[6] Hu Zhiping, Sa Rina, Wang Yanping, et al. Prevalence of hypertension in 35 ~ 75 years old residents of Shaanxi Province, the status quo of awareness, treatment and control, and analysis of influencing factors [J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health. 201,37(5) : 812-817.

[7] Yuan Z Y. Never forget the original intention, always achieve: Big data analysis of chronic disease prevention and control in Northwest China [J]. Journal of Clinical Cardiology, 2018,34(8) : 739-742.

[8] Dang Zhaoli, Wang Zhen, He Jingshuang, et al. Health management of diabetic patients in Xianyang [J]. Chinese Medicine Forum, 2010,25(5) : 47-48.

[9] Zhang Ruizhi, Chao Jianqian, Xu Hui, et al. The relationship between obesity and major chronic diseases in elderly people [J]. Chinese Journal of Disease Control, 2017,21 (3) : 233-236.

[10] Sun Xiaoqi. Study on the relationship between obesity index and blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid in the elderly aged 65 years and above in a community of Changchun City [D]. Changchun: Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2020.

[11] Wang Hongyi, He Yongjie, Li Wei, et al. The relationship between salt intake and blood pressure in hypertensive patients in Beijing [J]. Chinese Journal of Hypertension, 2019,27 (11) : 1036-1040.

[12] Zhang Jing. Study on the status and risk factors of diabetes and hypertension among elderly residents in Wangzuo Town, Fengtai District, Beijing [D]. Beijing: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018.

[13] Yang Song, Li Qiang, Chang Le, et al. Effects of high salt intake on cardiac damage in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus [J]. Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine, 2018,38 (4) : 370-372.

[14] Yang Yuexin, Zhang Huanmei. Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) [J]. Chinese Journal of Nutrition, 2016,38 (3) : 209-217.

[15] Du Limei, He Shijie, Jing Weige, et al. Effects of active and passive smoking on lung function in healthy women [J]. Laboratory Medicine and Clinical Research, 2019,16 (8) : 1034-1036.

[16] Dong Jiding, Shao Anchun, Zheng Guangqun, et al. Study on the Harm of Cigarette and the prevention of Second-hand Smoke [J]. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, 20, 34(5) : 619-625. 

[17] Michael Roerecke, Radu Nanau, Jürgen Rehm, et al.Ethni-city matters: a systematic review and meta-analysis of thenon-linear relationship between alcohol consumption andprevalence and incidence of hepatic steatosis[J].EBioMedicine, 2016, 8: 317-330.

[18] YANG Yang, LIU Dongchen, QI Ming, et al. Alcohol con-sumption and risk of coronary artery disease: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies[J]. Nutri-tion, 2016, 32( 6) : 637-644.

[19] Zhang Junmei, Ji Weihui. Study on the Lifestyle of Urban and rural Residents in Shanghai [J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health, 2017,33 (7) : 1125-1128.

[20] Gou Lili, Hu Hongbao, Shi Cheng, et al. Analysis of healthy lifestyle Behavior of Nanjing Residents [J]. China Health Education, 2018,34 (7) : 624-628.

[21] Zhang Gang, Li Yinghua, Nie Xueqiong, et al. Study on the Status quo of Chinese Urban and Rural Residents' Healthy Lifestyle and its Influence Factors [J]. China Health Education, 2013,29 (6) : 499-502.

[22] He Shuzhen, Zhao Shenghu, Zhao Zhenchuan, et al. Investigation on health status and Behavior Lifestyle of residents in Chengxi District of Xining City [J]. Chinese Journal of Animal Control, 2019,35 (10) : 969-975.

[23] Liu Shili, Zhou Zhouxin, Deng Haoyue, et al. Analysis on the Correlation Factors of Community residents' Behavior and Lifestyle in Chongqing City and Guizhou Province [J]. Chongqing Medical Journal, 2018,47 (35) : 4510-4516.

[24] He Xiaodong, Yang Ting, Jia Jinli, et al. Investigation and evaluation of life style and health needs of residents in a district of Shenzhen [J]. Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2019,37 (12) : 166-169.

[25] Xu Liang. Healthy sleep prevents chronic diseases [N]. Shanghai Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2019-06-28(004).

[26] Wu Jingui, Liu Xiaoxiang, Tang Chuanxi, et al. Effects of exercise and sedentary behavior on metabolic syndrome in urban residents of Shanghai [J]. Chinese Journal of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, 2013,21 (1) : 18-21.