Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Academic Journal of Medicine & Health Sciences, 2023, 4(11); doi: 10.25236/AJMHS.2023.041115.

Electroacupuncture for Overactive Bladder: A Case Report


Wanyi Ao1, Haichen Gao1, Kun Wang1, Gaiqin Yang2

Corresponding Author:
Gaiqin Yang

1Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, 712046, China

2Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Shaanxi Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710003, China


Overactive bladder (OAB) is one of the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) characterized by urinary urgency. This disease has a huge impact on patients’lives and physical and mental health. The ideal treatment for OAB is still being explored. Electroacupuncture therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a remarkable effect in treating this disease. Among them, Baliao points have a certain efficacy but are difficult to operate. This article reports a case of electroacupuncture at Ciliao (Bl32) and new Baliao points in the treatment of OAB, with good efficacy and no recurrence after one year of follow-up, in order to provide new ideas for clinical treatment of this disease.


Electroacupuncture; Overactive bladder; case report

Cite This Paper

Wanyi Ao, Haichen Gao, Kun Wang, Gaiqin Yang. Electroacupuncture for Overactive Bladder: A Case Report. Academic Journal of Medicine & Health Sciences (2023) Vol. 4, Issue 11: 109-115. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJMHS.2023.041115.


[1] Coyne Karin S, Sexton Chris C, Thompson Christine L, et al. The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the USA, the UK and Sweden: results from the Epidemiology of LUTS (EpiLUTS) study [J]. BJU international, 2009, 104(3):352-360. 

[2] Debra E. Irwin, Ian Milsom, Steinar Hunskaar, et al. Population-Based Survey of Urinary Incontinence, Overactive Bladder, and Other Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Five Countries: Results of the EPIC Study [J]. European Urology, 2006, 50(6):1306-1315. 

[3] Jiang Yuanhong, Kuo Hannchorng. Current optimal pharmacologic therapies for Overactive bladder [J]. Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 2023: 1-15. 

[4] Babin Caroline P, Catalano Nicole T, Yancey David M, et al. Update on Overactive Bladder Therapeutic Options [J]. American journal of therapeutics, 2023. 

[5] Joseph Silvia, Maria Steffi A, Peedicayil Jacob, et al. Drugs Currently Undergoing Preclinical or Clinical Trials for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder: A Review [J]. Current Therapeutic Research, 2022, 96:100669-100669.

[6] Arndt van Ophoven, Stefan Engelberg, Helen Lilley, et al. Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis of Sacral Neuromodulation (SNM) in Patients with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (nLUTD): Over 20 Years’ Experience and Future Directions [J]. Advances in Therapy, 2021, 38(4):1987-2006. 

[7] Feloney MP, Stauss K, Leslie SW. Sacral Neuromodulation [M]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, 2022, PMID: 33620828. 

[8] Benoit Peyronnet, Emma Mironska, Christopher Chapple, et al. A Comprehensive Review of Overactive Bladder Pathophysiology: On the Way to Tailored Treatment [J]. European Urology, 2019, 75(6):988-1000. 

[9] Bhide Alka A, Tailor Visha, Fernando Ruwan, et al. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation for overactive bladder-techniques and efficacy [J]. International urogynecology journal, 2020, 31(5): 865-870. 

[10] Jin Zhaofeng, Zhang Qiumin, Yu Yanlan, et al. Progress in overactive bladder: novel avenues from psychology to clinical opinions [J]. PeerJ, 2023, 11:e16112-e16112.

[11] Welk Blayne, Richardson Kathryn, Panicker Jalesh N, et al. The cognitive effect of anticholinergics for patients with overactive bladder.[J]. Nature reviews. Urology, 2021, 18(11): 686-700. 

[12] Milano Serena, Maqoud Fatima, Rutigliano Monica, et al. β3 Adrenergic Receptor Agonist Mirabegron Increases AQP2 and NKCC2 Urinary Excretion in OAB Patients: A Pleiotropic Effect of Interest for Patients with X-Linked Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus [J]. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24(2):1136-1136. 

[13] Chen Lichen, Kuo Hannchorng. Pathophysiology of refractory overactive bladder [J]. Lower urinary tract symptoms, 2019, 11(4):177-181. 

[14] Tilborghs Sam, De Wachter Stefan. Sacral neuromodulation for the treatment of overactive bladder: systematic review and future prospects [J]. Expert review of medical devices, 2022, 19(2): 161-187.

[15] Muchtar Newanda Johni, Helianthi Dwi Rachma, Nareswari Irma, et al. Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture for Management of Young Patients with Overactive Bladder at 1-Year Follow-Up [J]. Medical acupuncture, 2021, 33(2):169-174.

[16] Hargreaves Emma, Baker Katherine, Barry Gill, et al. Acupuncture for treating overactive bladder in adults [J]. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2022, 9:CD013519-CD013519. 

[17] Xiong Chao, Tang Yuan, Shi Ruting, et al. Therapeutic effect of myofascial trigger point electroacupuncture technology on the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome in female [J]. Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences, 2020, 45(2): 155-159. 

[18] Bishop Katherine C, Ford Anne C, Kuller Jeffrey A, et al. Acupuncture in Obstetrics and Gynecology [J]. Obstetrical & gynecological survey, 2019, 74(4):241-251.

[19] Manuela Tutolo, Enrico Ammirati, Frank Van der Aa, et al. What is New in Neuromodulation for Overactive Bladder? [J]. European Urology Focus, 2018, 4(1):49-53. 

[20] Jin Xun, Guan Yanting, Bai Hua, et al. Effects of sEA on Slow Transit Constipation through the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Rats [J]. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2020, 2020: 1-13. 

[21] Zhao Yuwei, Zhou Jing, Mo Qian, et al. Acupuncture for adults with overactive bladder: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [J]. Medicine, 2018, 97(8):e9838.

[22] Yang Likun, Wang Yang, Mo Qian, et al. A comparative study of electroacupuncture at Zhongliao (BL33) and other acupoints for overactive bladder symptoms [J]. Frontiers of medicine, 2017, 11(1): 129-136. 

[23] Yuan Hongwei, Wei Na, Li Yanfeng, et al. Effect of Depth of Electroacupuncture on the IPSS of Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia [J]. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2019, 2019:1439141. 

[24] Shen Jianwu, Luo Ran, Zhang Lu, et al. Using electroacupuncture with optimized acupoint positioning to predict the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation of refractory overactive bladder: A case report [J]. Medicine, 2019, 98(45):e17795. 

[25] Han Xuke, Gao Yang, Wang Shengju, et al. Effect of electroacupuncture on diabetic neurogenic bladder: A randomized controlled trial protocol [J]. Medicine, 2020, 99(17):e19843. 

[26] Lu Junyan, Ying Xinwang, Chen Xiaolong, et al. Effects of electroacupuncture at different acupoints on the histomorphology of neurogenic bladder and the expression of hyperpolarization -activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels in interstitial cells of Cajal in a rat model of suprasacral spinal cord injury [J]. Annals of palliative medicine, 2020, 9(6):3830-3838. 

[27] Li Zhengfei, Zhang Ren, Zhao Guorui, et al. Electroacupuncture in the treatment of neurogenic urine retention through autophagy mediated by AMPK/mTOR pathway [J]. Journal of Central South University:Medical Science, 2022, 47(4):488-496. 

[28] Feng Qifan, Zhang Andong, Xing Man, et al. Electroacupuncture Alleviates Bladder Overactivity via Inhabiting Bladder P2X3 Receptor [J]. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2020, 2020:4080891.

[29] Xu Ming, Ai Kun, Deng ShiFeng, et al. Effect of electroacupuncture on urodynamics and Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway in spinal cord tissue of rats with detrusor hyperreflexia after suprasacral spinal cord injury [J]. Acupuncture Research, 2023, 48(10):977-985.