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International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine, 2023, 5(4); doi: 10.25236/IJFM.2023.050409.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Treatment Progress


Zhengwei Zhang1, Ningxia Yuan2

Corresponding Author:
Ningxia Yuan

1Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, 712046, China

2The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, 712000, China


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy. The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus increases year by year. Its pathogenesis may be related to insulin resistance, and its diagnostic criteria are more stringent than common type 2 diabetes. The management of gestational diabetes requires diet, exercise, drug therapy, blood glucose monitoring and diabetes knowledge education. Diet and exercise therapy are the main treatment measures, but for poor glycemic control on this basis, drugs are an essential treatment plan. Currently available drugs for pregnancy include insulin, metformin and glyburide. In addition to these traditional drugs, probiotics, inositol, insulin-like growth factor-1 and vitamin D have been found to be safer drugs, but the effectiveness of these drugs needs further study. The purpose of this paper is to review various gestational diabetes drugs, to help us fully understand the advantages and disadvantages of various drugs, better intervention in the occurrence and development of the disease.


Gestational diabetes mellitus; Insulin; Metformin; Glyburide

Cite This Paper

Zhengwei Zhang, Ningxia Yuan. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Treatment Progress. International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (2023), Vol. 5, Issue 4: 54-59. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFM.2023.050409.


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