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Academic Journal of Business & Management, 2023, 5(7); doi: 10.25236/AJBM.2023.050713.

Changes in the Structure of the Employment Population in China (2010-2020)


Guo Zijing1, Tang Xinrui2

Corresponding Author:
Guo Zijing

1School of Economics and Management, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, China 

2School of Literature, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, China


Demographic changes have a profound impact on the labor market. From 2010 to 2020, due to changes in age, gender, education level, industry, and other aspects, the labor market presents four trends: (1) The proportion of the working age population in China decreases year by year, population ageing becomes more serious, and the ‘demographic dividend’ gradually disappears. (2) The higher education employment population tends to be younger and more concentrated, and the "demographic dividend" is transforming into the ‘brain dividend’. (3) The level of female education has improved faster than men, and the number of young women in higher education level is higher than that of men, so the "gender dividend" arrives. (4) As more women enter the labor market, all industries require higher levels of female education. As the working population is getting younger education, higher education and higher female labour participation rate, China has ushered in the "human brain dividend" and "gender dividend".


China's employment population structure; Demographic dividend; Human brain dividend; Gender dividend

Cite This Paper

Guo Zijing, Tang Xinrui. Changes in the Structure of the Employment Population in China (2010-2020). Academic Journal of Business & Management (2023) Vol. 5, Issue 7: 87-93. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJBM.2023.050713.


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