Welcome to Francis Academic Press

International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine, 2019, 1(1); doi: 10.25236/IJFM.2019.010110.

The Effect of Different Physical Activity Levels on Chronic Diseases among Middle-Aged Faculty in Local Universities


Yang Zhongya1, Wang Ji1, Zhang Juan 2,* , Zhanglong1

Corresponding Author:
Zhang Juan

1College Ofphysical Education, Liupanshui Normal University, Guizhou 553004, China
2College Ofphysical Education, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China
*Corresponding Author e-Mail:Jxzhangjuan@163.Com


Objective: to Explore Effects of Different Physical Activity Levels on the Risk of Chronic Disease among Middle-Aged Teachers in Local Universities, and to Provide Empirical Reference for the Intervention of Physical Activity in Chronic Disease among Middle-Aged Teachers and the Improvement of Quality of Life. Methods :a Total of 103 Effective Data Were Measured, Aged From45 to 59,the International Physical Activity (Pa)Questionnaire Was Adopted to Define the Levels of Pa, High Physical Activity Level Group(Hg, n=19),Moderate Physical Activity Level Group(Mg, n=47),Low Physical Activity Level Group(Lg, n=37).the Indexes of Common Cardiovascular Diseases Such as Osteoporosis and Arteriosclerosis Were Tested,One-Way Anova Was Used to Investigate the Effects of Different Levels of Pa on Indicators of Chronic Diseases among This Group, Correlation Analysis between Osteoporosis Disease Risk Factors and Pa Was Analyzed by Spearman Correlation, Using Spss19.0 Software, and the Significance Level Was P<0.05, P<0.01.Results :(1)the Proportion of Normal Bone Mass in Group m Was 57.4%, Followed by 52.6% in Group h and 43.2% in Group l. the t-Value of Bone Mineral Density in Group h and m Was Significantly Higher Than in Group l (P<0.01), While That in Group m Was Significantly Higher Than That in Group h (P<0.05).(2)There Was No Significant Effect on Blood Pressure in Different Physical Activity Level Groups, Hd Lin Group m and h Was Significantly Higher Than That in Group l (P≤0.01), and Ldl in Group m Was Significantly Lower Than That in Group l (P≤0.01). There Was No Significant Difference in Hdl \ Ldl between Group m and h. Conclusions:(1)People of Low Pa Level Are Vulnerable to Osteoporosis, Cardiovascular Disease and Other Chronic Diseases.(2)Moderate Pa Level is the Best Choice for Maintaining Normal Bone Mass and Improving Indicators of Cardiovascular Chronic Disease.(3)High Level of Pa Has a Certain Improvement Effect on Bone Mass and Cardiovascular Disease in Middle-Aged People, But the Effect is Not as Good as the Moderate Level of Physical Activity.


Physical Activity (Pa), Local Universities, Middle-Aged Teachers, Osteoporosis, Cardiovascular Chronic Disease

Cite This Paper

Yang Zhongya, Wang Ji, Zhang Juan, Zhanglong. The Effect of Different Physical Activity Levels on Chronic Diseases among Middle-Aged Faculty in Local Universities. International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (2019), Vol. 1, Issue 1: 55-62. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFM.2019.010110.


[1] SI Xiang ,YIN Xiangjun, SHI Xiaoru. Analysis on the hu m an resources of chronic disease prevention and control in center for disease control and prevention (C D C ) organizations in China[J]. Chin J D is Control Prey, 2010, 14(9):892-895.
[2] Ma Liyuan,  Wu Yazhe,  Wang Wen, etc. Interpretation of the report on cardiovascular diseases in China (2017) [J]. Chin J Cardiovasc Med,2018(1):3-6.
[3] Dong Zhong, Gao Zhongxiao. Physical activity and cardiovascular risk in older women [J]. Foreign Medical Sciences.social Medicine Section, 2001,18(3):122-125.
[4] Opinions of the state council .Opinions of the state council on implementing the healthy China initiative [J].Chinese Journal of Public Health Management,2019,35(04):426-428+577.
[5] de la Cámara MiguelA, Higueras-Fresnillo Sara,Cabanas-Sánchez Verónica,Sadarangani Kabir P,Martinez-Gomez David, VeigaÓscar L. Criterion Validity of the Sedentary Behavior Question From the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in Older Adults.[J]. Journal of physical activity & health,2019.
[6] VerhoogSanne,Gubelmann Cédric, Guessous Idris,BanoArjola,Franco Oscar H,Marques-Vidal Pedro. Comparison of the Physical Activity Frequency Questionnaire (PAFQ) with accelerometry in a middle-aged and elderly population: The Co Laus study.[J]. Maturitas, 2019,129.
[7] Wang Xiaobo. The reliability and validity of the international physical activity questionnaire in the elderly population of China [J].Chinese Journal of Gerontology,2015,35(20):5912-5914.
[8] Lin Yipeng. A study on the correlation between physical activity level, bone density and TCM constitution of premenopausal women in Fuzhou area [D].Xiamen, Fujian university of traditional Chinese medicine,2018.
[9] Sun Yao, Gao Lei, Li Yafang, etc. Correlation between physical function and physical activity and self-efficacy in elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis[J].Chinese Journal of Gerontology,2019,39(06):1499-1502.
[10] Li Yingying, Peng Li, Bi Chenchao. Effects of physical activity on physical condition in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus [J]. Health Medicine Research and Practice, 2017, 14(04):105-107+112.
[11] Li Xiandu, Yang Yizhuo, Jiao wei. Effects of moderate to high physical activity on trunk strength and stability in overweight elderly women [J].Contemporary Sports Technology, 2018, 8(31):14-18.
[12] Kong Chunqing, Huang Xiaoting, Yao Zhihao, etc.A comparative study on physical activity level and bone mineral density of female college students in China and southeast Asia[J].Chinese Journal of Osteoporosis,2018,24(10):1305-1309+1323.
[13] Dai lun. Update of cardiovascular risk factors in elderly patients with hypertension [J]. Chinese Journal of Hypertension,2017(7):619-621.
[14] Listed N. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee report, 2008. To the Secretaryof Health and Human Services. Part A: executive summary[J]. Nutrition Reviews, 2009,67(2):114-20.
[15] YU Hong-jun,CHENG Jia-li.Research Progress on Economic Value of Physical Activity: Based on the Report of ACSM's 65th Annual Meeting [J].Journal of Beijing Sport University,2018,41(08):60-65