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Academic Journal of Business & Management, 2023, 5(16); doi: 10.25236/AJBM.2023.051616.

Theoretical evolution of national innovation system and the construction of its overall framework


Fan Dounan1, Wang Geng2

Corresponding Author:
Fan Dounan

1Department of Management and Planning of Socio-Economic Processes, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

2Department of World Economy, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia


The theoretical evolution and overall framework construction of the national innovation system are essential components of its development, with significant significance in promoting innovation in various fields such as the economy, technology, and culture.The significance of this research lies in the fact that innovation is the core driving force for national development, and the innovation system is a crucial mechanism supporting national innovation capabilities. The purpose of the study is to provide references and insights for the practical application of the national innovation system by analyzing its theoretical evolution and overall framework construction. The article comprehensively analyzes the theories of the national innovation system using a literature review method and designs the overall framework of the national innovation system. The innovation of this article lies in systematically organizing the historical process of the development and evolution of the national innovation system, as well as improving its structural framework. The research results indicate that the national innovation system can be broadly categorized into two types: the "interconnected subjects" mode and the "independent subjects" mode, presenting a dynamic and diversified ecosystem as a whole. These two modes play different roles in the development of national innovation, complementing each other and driving the continuous strengthening of national innovation capabilities and the emergence of innovative achievements.


Innovation; National innovation system; Theoretical evolution; Construction of framework; Innovation capacity

Cite This Paper

Fan Dounan, Wang Geng. Theoretical evolution of national innovation system and the construction of its overall framework. Academic Journal of Business & Management (2023) Vol. 5, Issue 16: 114-125. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJBM.2023.051616.


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