Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, United States of America
Musculoskeletal injuries are common in the athletic population, and effective rehabilitation is crucial for successful recovery. While pharmacological interventions are frequently used to manage pain, non-pharmacological approaches, such as manual therapy, provide secure and efficient substitutes. This article evaluates popular manual therapy modalities' physiological effects and effectiveness for pain modulation and range of motion restoration in individuals with musculoskeletal conditions. Manual therapy techniques, including massage, joint mobilization, the Graston Technique, cupping therapy, and stretching, are discussed in detail, along with the pertinent research studies that demonstrate their efficacy. The review comes to the conclusion that manual therapy plays a vital role in pain reduction and range of motion restoration, making it a valuable non-pharmacological intervention for athletes undergoing rehabilitation. For healthcare professionals choosing the best manual therapy modality for musculoskeletal injuries, the findings offer useful insights.
Manual Therapy, Pain Management, Range of Motion
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