Liu Yu1, Tong Yajing1, Sun Lijun2
1Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China, 712046
2Health Culture Research Center of Shaanxi International Business College, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China, 712000
In order to understand the life style, health status, physical type and frequent diseases of residents in Guanzhong area of Shaanxi province, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention of local chronic diseases. This survey adopts the method of random sampling, and selects 1500 permanent residents in Guanzhong area, according to their health status (disease history, self-health cognition, obesity status, mental status, etc.), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, exercise, diet, sleep, etc.), physical type, frequent diseases, etc. A total of 1427 cases were included in the survey, including 837 males and 590 females, and the residents' self-health cognition was good; The average body mass index (BMI) was 23.68 kg /m2 for males and 20.90 kg /m2 for females, and the obesity rate was 14.9%. The BMI of residents increased with age before 60 years old, but decreased after 60 years old. Phlegm-dampness constitution was the most common constitution, followed by peace constitution and Yin deficiency constitution, and the distribution of other constitution types was less than these three constitution types. The main chronic diseases were diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Residents had higher salt intake and more irregular diet. Smoking, drinking and second-hand smoke inhalation are more serious; Fewer residents took exercise in their spare time. More than half of the patients experienced major events and bad mental state in 1 year; Local residents sleep poorly, often staying up late or poor sleep quality affecting the next day workers accounted for 56.3%. Through investigation, it is found that the residents in Guanzhong area have unhealthy lifestyle such as high-oil and high-salt diet, lack of exercise, smoking, drinking, etc., which leads to phlegm-dampness constitution and Yin deficiency constitution. Diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are high incidence diseases. Adjusting the way of life can help improve the health condition of local residents, and carry out targeted prevention and treatment of residents' physical disease-related diseases.
Guanzhong Area; Urban and rural residents; Lifestyle; State of health; Constitution; Chronic diseases; The prevention and treatment of diseases
Liu Yu, Tong Yajing, Sun Lijun. Study on the Influence of Life Style on Constitution, Health and Disease of Residents in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province. Academic Journal of Medicine & Health Sciences (2023) Vol. 4, Issue 10: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJMHS.2023.041001.
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