Xiaoqing Ma, Hui Xie, Chunlu Zeng, Catherine Katumu Barka, Qiankun Liu, Yang Xu, Jiaxue Pang
Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, China
Atherosclerosis is a prevalent cardiovascular disease among the elderly population, and identifying the factors that contribute to its development is crucial for effective prevention and management. This article examines a study conducted in the Dongfeng community of Bengbu City, Anhui Province, which aimed to explore the influencing factors of atherosclerosis in community-dwelling elderly individuals. The study analyzed data from 1522 elderly individuals who underwent health checkups, focusing on body composition indexes, cardiovascular indexes, and bone mineral density. The results revealed a high prevalence of atherosclerosis (87.3%) in the community, with age, weight of the left upper limb, systolic blood pressure, and other factors showing positive correlations. Binary linear regression analysis identified age, systolic blood pressure, and the weight of the right and left upper limbs as influential factors for atherosclerosis in this population. The study emphasizes the need for increased health guidance, improved understanding of healthy living, and customized diet and exercise programs to enhance the health of community-dwelling elderly individuals and delay the progression of atherosclerosis.
atherosclerosis, elderly, community, influencing factors, cardiovascular health
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