Shipping Management and Law, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China
There are still certain deficiencies in China's judicial practice regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign court’s civil and commercial judgments. In terms of institutional practice, judicial interpretations regarding recognition and enforcement have not been promulgated and implemented. In terms of judicial practice, courts at all levels attach importance to the review forms, jurisdictional review, and determination of reciprocal relationships in applications, resulting in numerous practical achievements. Under the Belt and Road Initiative, China can further improve the judicial practice of recognizing and enforcing foreign court judgments by clarifying jurisdictional review standards, defining reciprocal relationship assessment criteria, and increasing guiding cases, thus expanding the scope of international judicial assistance under the Belt and Road Initiative. It is of great and far-reaching significance for China to build a strong maritime country, to build the "Belt and Road" initiative, to promote the building of a community of human destiny, and to push forward the opening up of the country to the outside world at a higher level of quality.
foreign court judgments; recognition and enforcement; judicial interpretations; typical cases
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