Law School, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, 233030, China
The international economic and political situation is complex and volatile, international security governance is facing many difficulties, and unilateral sanctions have become a normalized tool of competition among Western countries. Vigorously promoting the construction of a foreign-related rule of law system is a way to enhance China's "smart strength" in resisting undue sanctions.On June 10, 2021, China enacted the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Act, which has become an important part of the "toolbox" for building a foreign-related rule of law system. However, at the implementation level, there are still problems such as the authorities in charge of anti-foreign sanctions are not yet clear, the definition of discriminatory restrictive measures is unclear, and domestic private subjects are faced with the "dilemma of choice". For this reason, a special anti-sanctions agency should be set up to lead the countermeasures work, standardize the criteria for identifying discriminatory restrictive measures, and further set up a mechanism for exempting private subjects from licensing, so as to make up for the relevant loopholes in the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Act. In this way, the Act can realize its proper function, protect national security, sovereignty and development interests, and safeguard the international order centred on the Charter of the United Nations and the WTO agreements.
anti-foreign sanctions law; unilateral sanctions; countermeasures
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