Xiaogang Li1, Di Geng2,*, Otabek Khudayberdiev3
1. School of Sport, Sichuan University of Science & Engineering , Zigong 643000,Sichuan , China
2. School of Sport & Leisure, Sichuan Tourism University, Chengdu 610100, Sichuan , China
3. School of Information Science & Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, Sichuan, China
*Corresponding author e-mail: email@example.com
Athlete's burnout is a kind of psychological symptom of body exhaustion, low sense of achievement and sports devaluation. It is a common psychological phenomenon in athlete's sports career and has a bad influence on athlete's development .This paper studies the concept, measurement method, group difference, related factors, function, mechanism and behavior control of athlete burnout by literature method. Conclusion: The measurement method of athlete's burnout experienced three development periods.ABQ questionnaire is recognized as one of the most suitable self-report measurement tools to evaluate athlete burnout. There are group differences in athlete's burnout, and the factors that affect athlete's burnout are various. There is a lack of strict experimental control research on the mechanism of sports burnout. The main ways to control the burnout behavior of athletes are: shaping the tough psychology of athletes, changing the training methods, changing the rest methods, making personalized training plans and objectives, strengthening the guidance of athletes' coping styles, and reasonably supplementing nutrition. The factors affecting the development of athletes are a complex system, which needs to pay attention to the causes and control measures of athletes' burnout from many aspects.
athlete burnout, measurement method, occurrence mechanism, behavior control
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