Welcome to Francis Academic Press

International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine, 2020, 2(1); doi: 10.25236/IJFM.2020.020101.

A Review on the Research of Athlete Burnout


Xiaogang Li1, Di Geng2,*, Otabek Khudayberdiev3

Corresponding Author:
Di Geng

1. School of Sport, Sichuan University of Science & Engineering , Zigong 643000,Sichuan , China
2. School of Sport & Leisure, Sichuan Tourism University, Chengdu 610100, Sichuan , China
3. School of Information Science & Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, Sichuan, China
*Corresponding author e-mail: eouriopaivcons@163.com


Athlete's burnout is a kind of psychological symptom of body exhaustion, low sense of achievement and sports devaluation. It is a common psychological phenomenon in athlete's sports career and has a bad influence on athlete's development .This paper studies the concept, measurement method, group difference, related factors, function, mechanism and behavior control of athlete burnout by literature method. Conclusion: The measurement method of athlete's burnout experienced three development periods.ABQ questionnaire is recognized as one of the most suitable self-report measurement tools to evaluate athlete burnout. There are group differences in athlete's burnout, and the factors that affect athlete's burnout are various. There is a lack of strict experimental control research on the mechanism of sports burnout. The main ways to control the burnout behavior of athletes are: shaping the tough psychology of athletes, changing the training methods, changing the rest methods, making personalized training plans and objectives, strengthening the guidance of athletes' coping styles, and reasonably supplementing nutrition. The factors affecting the development of athletes are a complex system, which needs to pay attention to the causes and control measures of athletes' burnout from many aspects.


athlete burnout, measurement method, occurrence mechanism, behavior control

Cite This Paper

Xiaogang Li, Di Geng, Otabek Khudayberdiev. A Review on the Research of Athlete Burnout. International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (2020), Vol. 2, Issue 1: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFM.2020.020101.


[1]R E Smith(1986).Toward a cognitive-affective model of athletic burnout.Journal of Sport Psychology,vol.8,no.1,p.36-50.
[2]T D Raedeke(1997).Is athlete burnout more than just stress?A sport commitment perspective.Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,vol.19,no.4,p.396-417.
[3]T D Raedeke,A L Smith (2001).Development and Preliminary Validation of an Athlete Burnout Measure.J Sport Exerc Psychol,vol.23,no.4,p.281-306.
[4]Z S Chen,A G Zhou(2008). A Review on the Research of Athlete Burnout.Sports & Science, no.02,p.12-15.
[5]Z Y Yang(2012).Prediction of coach player relationship on conflict management and burnout: a comparison between JOWITT model and localization model.National Taipei University of Education, 2012.
[6]M John.III Silva(1990).An analysis of the training stress syndrome in competitive athletics.Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,vol.2,no.1,p.5-20.
[7] R S Weinberg,D Gould(1999). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology,5th ed.Foundations of Sport & Exercise Psychology,vol.41,no.3,p.183.
[8]R E Smith(1986).Toward a cognitive -affective model of athlete burnout.Journal of Sport Psychology,no.8,p.36-50.
[9]J Coakley(1992).Burnout among adolescent athletes: a personal failure or social problem.Sociology of Sport Journal,vol.9,no.3,p.271-285.
[10]H Kelley ,JThibaut (1978).Interpersonal relations:a theory of interdependence. Canada,A Wiley Inter-science publication.
[11]G W Schmidt,G L Sein(2010). Sport commitment: A model integrating enjoyment, dropout, and burnout.Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, vol. 8,no.3,p.254-265.
[12]L W Zhang(2010).Seven Directions in Psychology Research:Taking Athlete Burnout as an Example.China Sport Science,vol.30,no.10,p.3-12.
[13]C Maslach(1982) Burnout, the cost of caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, vol.24,no.4,p.817–823.
[14]C Maslach,S Jackson(1981).The Measurement of Experienced Burnout.Journal of Occupational Behavior,no.2,p.99-113.
[15]C Maslach,J Sackson(1996),Leiter M P.Maslach BurnoutInventory Manual(6rd ed.).Palo Alto,CA:Consulting Psychologists Press,1996.
[16]A EADES(1991).An investigation of burnout in intercollegiate athletes:The development of the Eades Athlete Burnout Inventory .Paper presented at the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity National Conference, Asilomar,CA.
[17]S V Robin,A Lucinda , C William, et al(1998). Influence of perceived coaching behaviors on burnout and competitive anxiety in female college athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, vol.10,no.2,p.297-318.
[18]K Goodger,T Gorely, D Lavallee, et al(2007). Burnout in sport: a systematic review. Sport Psychologist,vol.21,no.2,p.127-151.
[19]L W Zhang, Q Zhao(2006).Psychological fatigue of coaches.An investigation report on the training courses for senior coaches in China .
[20]D L Yan(2011).A study on the prediction of sports motivation and burnout by the quality of perception coach player relationship of senior high school athletes.TaiWan National Sports University.
[21]G A Greenleaf(1998). Influence of Perceived Coaching Behaviors on Burnout and Competitive Anxiety in Female College Athletes.Journal of sport psychology,vol.10,p.297-318.
[22]B Wan, L Ye, M Wu,et al(2014).The influence of psychological tenacity on athlete's burnout: the intermediary effect of coping style.Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education,vol.48,no.08,p.63-68.
[23]Z S Chen, A G Zhou(2011),Xu Jianqing.Research on Relationship between Stress and Athlete Burnout and the Intervening Variable.Journal of Shanghai University of Sport,vol.35,no.02,p.:1-6.
[24]L C Zhang,L W Zhang(2008). Evaluation of Athlete's Mental Tiredness in Skill Oriented Sports.China Sport Science and Technology,vol.46,no.4,p.105-111.
[25]M Wu,X F Pen(2016). Tian.Effect of Organizational Stressor on Athlete Burnout:Regulatory Effect of Perceived Social Support.Journal of Xi'an Physical Education University,vol.33,no.04,p.463-471.
[26]L Lin(2006).An empirical study on the concept model, multidimensional testing method, influencing factors and intervention measures of sports mental fatigue.Beijing Sport University.
[27]W H Bexton,W Hero,R H Scot(1954). Effects of decreased variation in the sensory environment.Can J Psychol,vol.8,no.2,p.70-76.
[28]C W Reeves, A R Nicholls, J Mckenna(2011). The effects of a coping intervention on coping self-efficacy, coping effectiveness, and subjective performance among adolescent soccer players. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, vol.9,no.2,p.126-142.