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International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology, 2024, 6(4); doi: 10.25236/IJFS.2024.060401.

The Impact of Social Exclusion on Self-Control among College Students: The Mediational Role of Rejection Sensitivity


Ji Youjia1, Wang Jingnan2, Ou Min2

Corresponding Author:
Ji Youjia

1Qiongtai Normal University, Haikou, China

2College of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, China


This study explores the influence of social exclusion on self-control and the mediating role of rejection sensitivity between the two. Utilizing the College Students' Social Exclusion Scale, Self-Control Scale, and Rejection Sensitivity Scale, questionnaires were distributed to college students in universities. A total of 594 questionnaires were collected, and after removing invalid ones, 575 valid questionnaires were obtained, with an effective rate of 96.80%. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 26.0. Results indicate significant gender differences in social exclusion, with female college students reporting more social exclusion. There were also significant differences in social exclusion based on the students' rural or urban origins, with rural students reporting a higher perception of social exclusion. Social exclusion, rejection sensitivity, and self-control were all significantly correlated. However, social exclusion did not significantly predict self-control directly but could influence self-control through rejection sensitivity, indicating that rejection sensitivity fully mediates the relationship between social exclusion and self-control. The study suggests that social exclusion is not entirely negative and can have certain positive effects, indirectly improving individual self-control through rejection sensitivity. However, it is not recommended to use this factor as an intervention method to enhance self-control.


Social Exclusion; Self-Control; Rejection Sensitivity; Mediational Effect

Cite This Paper

Ji Youjia, Wang Jingnan, Ou Min. The Impact of Social Exclusion on Self-Control among College Students: The Mediational Role of Rejection Sensitivity. International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology (2024), Vol. 6, Issue 4: 1-6. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFS.2024.060401.


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