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Frontiers in Sport Research, 2024, 6(3); doi: 10.25236/FSR.2024.060321.

An Experimental Study on Strength Training of Sprinters


Yangsheng Zhang

Corresponding Author:
Yangsheng Zhang

University of Baguio, Baguio, 2600, Philippines


Using literature, experiment, mathematical statistics and other methods, 16 male sprinters from the track and field team of Nanjing Xiaozhuang University were selected as the research objects, including 8 in the experimental group and 8 in the control group. The experimental group underwent 6 weeks of functional strength training, and the control group underwent 6 weeks of traditional strength training, and the training content was arranged according to the principle of gradual and orderly training. The test results before the experiment showed that in the 30-meter and 200-meter tests, there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group, but there were slight differences in the 60-meter and 100-meter tests, but none of them were significant. This indicated that the experimental and control groups had similar abilities in terms of initial speed and stamina. The test results after the experiment showed that the scores of the students in the control group improved significantly in the 30-meter and 60-meter tests, but not in the 100-meter and 200-meter tests. After functional strength training, students in the experimental group made significant progress in all tests, especially in the 100-meter and 200-meter tests, indicating that the impact of different strength training methods on speed quality varies with test distances. Comparing the results of the experimental group and the control group showed that the performance of the two groups of students in the initial speed test was similar, but in the later speed test, the performance of the experimental group was significantly better than that of the control group. This shows that functional strength training has a significant advantage in improving sprint ability. Conclusion: Both traditional strength training and functional strength training can improve students' speed quality to a certain extent, but have different effects on different test distances and stages.


Speed Quality, Strength Training, Traditional Strength Training, Functional Strength Training

Cite This Paper

Yangsheng Zhang. An Experimental Study on Strength Training of Sprinters. Frontiers in Sport Research (2024) Vol. 6, Issue 3: 148-152. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSR.2024.060321.


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