Welcome to Francis Academic Press

The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology, 2020, 2(12); doi: 10.25236/FSST.2020.021205.

Peaceful Than Offensive: China’s Grand Strategy in the Next Decades


Wang Chengyu

Corresponding Author:
Wang Chengyu

School of Politics and International Studies, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China


Based on security dilemma and ontology conflicts between China and America, this paper argues that an inevitable prospect for China’s rise is a course of forceful actions conducted by the U.S. that isolate China from international benefits and pose threats to Chinese security. A “peaceful than offensive” strategy is raised for China, which argues China should actively expand and exert its force in reaction to American interference, but better if it can persuade or coerce America to be peaceful for a longer time. This article also proves offensive rise is a feasible choice among alternatives as it enables China to expand peacetime or scoop up benefits from its neighbors, meanwhile it wouldn’t trigger real war between China and America.


China’s rise, Offensive

Cite This Paper

Wang Chengyu. Peaceful Than Offensive: China’s Grand Strategy in the Next Decades. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology (2020) Vol. 2 Issue 12: 30-33. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSST.2020.021205.


[1] Yong Wang (2016). Offensive for defensive: the belt and road initiative and China's new grand strategy. The Pacific Review, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 455-463.

[2] Yibing Ding, Xiao Li (2017). The Past and Future of China’s Role in the East Asian Economy: A Trade Perspective. Canadian Public Policy, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 45-56.

[3] Francoise Nicolas (2007). Complementarity and Rivalry in EU–China Economic Relations in the Twenty-First Century. European foreign affairs review, vol. 15, no. 3, 2007, pp. 13-28.

[4] Michael Beckley (2017). The Emerging Military Balance in East Asia: How China's Neighbors Can Check Chinese Naval Expansion. International Security, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 78-119.

[5] MT Fravel (2015). Assuring Assured Retaliation: China's Nuclear Posture and US-China Strategic Stability,” International Security, vol. 40, no. 2, pp.7-50

[6] For “ontology security”, see Jennifer Mitzen (2006). Ontological Security in World Politics: State Identity and the Security Dilemma”, European Journal of International Relations, vol.12, no.3, pp. 341-370.

[7] Thomas J. Christensen (2001). Posing Problems without Catching Up: China’s Rise and Challenges for U.S. Security Policy. International Security, vol. 25, no. 4, pp.5-40.