Villanova Preparatory School, Ojai, CA, United States, 93023
Obesity is a complex metabolic disease involving excess body fat. The basic cause of obesity is the imbalance in energy consumption and energy expenditure. While there are multiple of factors that can cause obesity, a number of studies have found strong interrelations between obesity and gut microbiota which is responsible for the improvement of energy and nutrition absorption, changes in metabolic pathways, and changes in brain activities and behaviors. Based on the understanding of the relationships between gut microbiota and obesity, effective treatments have also been designed. The paper will review current understandings on how changes in gut microbiota cause obesity and current effective treatments on obesity.
Obesity, gut microbiota, energy absorption, metabolic pathway, brain activity, treatment for obesity
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