Welcome to Francis Academic Press

International Journal of New Developments in Engineering and Society, 2021, 5(1); doi: 10.25236/IJNDES.2021.050104.

John Rabe, the Nazi Leader, Who Became “the Living Buddha of Nanking”


Xijing Luo

Corresponding Author:
Xijing Luo

Clifford International School, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 511495 China


During the World War II, John H.D Rabe, a Nazis German business man, saved hundreds thousands of Chinese under the gun of Japanese army during the Rape of Nanking. The article aim to answer the question: Why, John Rabe, stood as the opposite of Japan—German’s ally, risked his life to save those Chinese? Through reading and analyzing Rabe’s diaries, we may conclude that there are several explanations which related to his political position, life experience in China, love of Chinese culture, and personal ties for the question. War is a game of inhumanity, cruelty and indifference. Even in these dark times, there is a humanist who maintains his reverence for life and his cultural zeal, and who stands firm at the point of a gun, even at the cost of risking his life.  


World War II, Nanjing Massacre, Nazi Germany, Chinese Culture

Cite This Paper

Xijing Luo. John Rabe, the Nazi Leader, Who Became “the Living Buddha of Nanking”. International Journal of New Developments in Engineering and Society (2021) Vol.5, Issue 1: 19-23. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJNDES.2021.050104.


[1] Chang.I.(2015) The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. China CITIC Press, Beijing. pp. XI-205

[2] Shinju S.(1937) ‘Incredible Record’ - Mukai 106 - 105 Noda — Both 2nd Lieutenants Go Into Extra Innings. Tokyo Nichinichi Shimbun. December 13, 1937. pp.1

[3] Rabe.J.(2009) Rabe’s Diary. Jiangsu People’s publishing House, Nanjing. pp.0-588

[4] Bormann.M.(2009) The Political Testament Of Adolf Hitler. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, Scotts Valley. pp. 0-76 

[5] Liang.Y.(2005) Rabe’s Diary in Beijing. Historical Archives., 03:133-136.

[6] Rabe.J.(2009) Peking, Wie Ich es Sah. Dongfang Press, Beijing. pp.0-213