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The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology, 2021, 3(2); doi: 10.25236/FSST.2021.030211.

Designing Non-fluorinated Durable Stain-resistant Textiles


Yi Liang1, Yufan Feng2, Hengyi Zhang3

Corresponding Author:
Yi Liang

1Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China

2United World College of South East Asia (Dover), Singapore 139654, Singapore

3Chengdu Experimental Foreign Language School, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731, China


Though being highly stain-resistant and durable, recently, the harmful effects of fluorinated chemicals on the environment and organisms have gained people’s attention. It has now become necessary to find non-fluorinated alternatives with comparable properties. Current research shows that non-fluorinated materials have achieved excellent hydrophobicity, but oleophobicity or stain-resistance is still difficult to reach.  In this review, the chemistry of hydrophobic materials, morphology control of textiles, and the enhancement of durability of coatings are respectively discussed and summarized with examples. The combination of these techniques would help develop better repellency. This review also attempts to elucidate and discuss the necessity to consider textile properties according to end-use requirements, the asymmetric wettability design to increase comfort and the possible directions for future research on designing non-fluorinated durable stain-resistant textiles.


Non-fluorinated, hydrophobic, durability, stain-resistance, repellency, textiles, fabrics, contact angle

Cite This Paper

Yi Liang, Yufan Feng, Hengyi Zhang. Designing Non-fluorinated Durable Stain-resistant Textiles. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology (2021) Vol. 3, Issue 2: 60-83. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSST.2021.030211.


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