Peijian Wu, Hanhui Chen, Dong Yang, Deliang Sun
School of Business Administration, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, China
Most existing studies believe that entrepreneurial willingness is the prerequisite for entrepreneurial behavior but ignores the interdependence of other factors and entrepreneurial readiness. The primary purpose is to explore how college students' characteristics, family entrepreneurship background, attitudes towards entrepreneurship education, and other factors work together with entrepreneurial willingness to promote college students' entrepreneurial practice. A comprehensive analysis found that college students' entrepreneurial behavior is related to their innate characteristics and inseparable from acquired cultivation. The combination of college students' inherent characteristics and acquired cultivation is more conducive to improving college students' entrepreneurial behavior.
University entrepreneurial ecosystem, Entrepreneurial behavior, fsQCA, entrepreneurial behavior, entrepreneurial intention
Peijian Wu, Hanhui Chen, Dong Yang, Deliang Sun. Nature or nurture: Influencing factors of entrepreneurial behavior from the perspective of university entrepreneurial ecosystem. Academic Journal of Business & Management (2021) Vol. 3, Issue 6: 9-17. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJBM.2021.030602.
 Acs Z J,Estrin S, Mickiewicz T, Szerb L. (2017). Institutions, entrepreneurship, and growth: the role of national entrepreneurial ecosystems (February 3, 2017). Retrieved from SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2912453.
 Ajzen I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In: Kuhl J., Beckmann J. (eds) Action Control. SSSP Springer Series in Social Psychology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
 Asante E A, Affum-Osei E. (2019). Entrepreneurship as a career choice: The impact of locus of control on aspiring entrepreneurs' opportunity recognition. Journal of Business Research, 98, 227-235.
 Branden N. (2001). The psychology of self-esteem: a revolutionary approach to self-understanding that launched a new era in modern psychology. NewYork: 1st Edition.
 Botsaris C, Vamvaka V. (2016). Attitude toward entrepreneurship: structure, prediction from behavioral beliefs, and relation to entrepreneurial intention. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 7(2), 433-460.
 Cohen B. (2006). Sustainable valley entrepreneurial ecosystems. Business Strategy and the Environment, 15(1), 1-14.
 Dunn K. (2005). The entrepreneurship ecosystem[J/OL]. Available at MIT Technology Review: https://www.technologyreview.com/2005/09/01/230391/the-entrepreneurship-ecosystem/.
 Ebersberger B, Altmann A. (2012). Universities in change: as a brief introduction. Universities in Change. Springer New York.
 Fayolle A, Gailly B, Lassas-Clerc Narjisse. (2006). Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: a new methodology. Journal of European Industrial Training, 30(9), 701-720.
 Feld B. (2012). Startup communities: building an entrepreneurial ecosystem in your city. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
 Fiss P C. (2011). Building better causal theories: a fuzzy set approach to typologies in organization research. Academy of Management Journal, 54(2), 393-420.
 Gartner W B. (2001). Is there an elephant in entrepreneurship? Blind assumptions in theory development. Entrepreneurship Theory and practice,25(4), 27-39.
 Isenberg D. (2010). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard Business Review, 88(6), 40-50.
 Lee L, Chen L F. (2018). Boosting employee retention through csr: a configurational analysis. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 25(1), 948-960.
 Mason C, Brown R. (2014). Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth oriented entrepreneurship[R]. Final Report to OECD, Paris, 30(1): 77-102.
 Matlay H, Packham G, Jones P, Miller C, Pickernell D, & Thomas, B. (2010). Attitudes towards entrepreneurship education: a comparative analysis. Education + Training, 52(8), 568-586.
 Miller D. (2015). A downside to the entrepreneurial personality?. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 39(1), 1-8.
 Misangyi V F, Acharya A G. (2014). Substitutes or complements? a configurational examination of corporate governance mechanisms. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1681-1705.
 Muñoz P, Kibler E. (2016). Institutional complexity and social entrepreneurship: a fuzzy-set approach. Journal of Business Research, 69(4), 1314-1318.
 MYCOS Institute, Wang, B Q, Chen, Y H. (2019). Blue book of employment: chinese 4-year collage graduates’ employment annual report (2019). beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.
 Nightingale P, Coad A. (2014). Muppets and gazelles: political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23(1), 113-143.
 Ning, D P. (2017). Research on the influence mechanism of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial behavior. Jilin: Jilin University.
 Ozaralli N, Rivenburgh N K. (2016). Entrepreneurial intention: antecedents to entrepreneurial behavior in the USA. and Turkey. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 6(1), 3-34.
 Rauch A & Hulsink W. (2015). Putting entrepreneurship education where the intention to act lies: an investigation into the impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial behavior. Academy of Management Learning and Education, The, 14(2), 187-204.
 Rihoux B, Ragin C C. (2009). Configurational comparative methods: qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) and related techniques. Configurational comparative methods.
 Roessner D, Bond J, Okubo S, Planting M. (2013). The economic impact of licensed commercialized inventions originating in university research. Research policy, 42(1), 23-34.
 Rosenberg M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
 Shinnar R S, Hsu D K, & Powell B C. (2014). Self-efficacy, entrepreneurial intentions, and gender: assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education longitudinally. The International Journal of Management Education, 12(3), 561-570.
 Shirokova G, Bogatyreva K, Beliaeva T, & Puffer, S. (2016). Entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance in different environmental settings: contingency and configurational approaches. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 23(3), 703-727.
 Spigel B. (2015). The relational organization of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(1), 49-72.
 Thompson E R. (2009). Individual entrepreneurial intent: Construct clarification and development of an internationally reliable metric. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,33(3), 669-694.
 Verweij S. (2013). Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: a guide to qualitative comparative analysis. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 16(2), 165-166.
 Young, D R, Kim, C. (2015). Can social enterprises remain sustainable and mission-focused ? Applying resilliency theory, Social Enterprise Journal, 11(3), 233-259.