College of History, Geography and Tourism, Chengdu Normal University, Chengdu, 611130, China
From the 1st to 19th centuries AD, Bantu migrated in sub-Saharan Africa on three routes: west, East and south, and formed three agricultural economic types. On the western front, after arriving in the Congo Basin, Bantu mainly engaged in simple agricultural economy. On the Eastern Front, Bantu learned animal husbandry from the Nilots and Kushts, and developed a mixed farming and animal husbandry economy. As Bantu continued to migrate southward, they taught the indigenous Koisans how to graze, which directly contributed to the origin of animal husbandry in South Africa. During the thousands of years of Bantu migration, a variety of crops, livestock, agricultural technologies (especially iron farming tools) spread in sub-Saharan Africa, greatly promoting the development of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa.
Bantu; Migration; Sub-Saharan Africa; Agriculture; Impact
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