Nanjing Yuhuatai High School, No.8, Sixiang Lane, Qinhuai District, Nanjing City, China
Published by Canadian author Margaret Atwood in 1985, The Handmaid’s Tale, her first dystopian novel, depicts a near-future patriarchal society practicing the legal and sacred form of reproductive surrogacy, the so-called “handmaid” system. The whole system is centered on the male Commanders- male founders of Gilead: they rape the handmaids every month, on the Ceremony, in front of their wives and servants; they dispatch the handmaids to another Commander’s family once the newborn infants wean; they push this inhumane torture and autocratic trading of handmaids’ wombs to the extreme edge of ethics.
Public Recognization; Surrogacy; Handmaid's Tale; Reality
Xinhui Ye. Public Recognization of Surrogacy in the Handmaid's Tale and the Reality. International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology (2021), Vol. 3, Issue 7: 67-69. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFS.2021.030711.
 ATWOOD, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale, Vintage Books, (1985) 2010.
 GONZALEZ, Esther Muñoz. “‘Two Legged Wombs’: Surrogacy and Margret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale”. 2019. Universidad de Zaragoza.
 GULICK, Angela Michelle. “The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood: examining its utopian, dystopian, feminist and postmodernist traditions”. 1991. Iowa State University.
 LUO, xiang. Criminal Law Explained. 2021