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International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology, 2021, 3(7); doi: 10.25236/IJFS.2021.030714.

Research on Vocational Education and Training under the National Vocational Qualification Framework in Pakistan


Yu Yao

Corresponding Author:
Yu Yao

Department of Business Administration, Shandong Vocational College of Industry, Zibo 255000, China


The qualification framework enjoys a long history among western countries. Since New Zealand established the first national qualification framework in the world in the 1990s, nearly 200 countries have established a qualification framework which is in line with their national conditions with a complete system. The qualifications framework covers general education, vocational education, training and continuing education, which provides learners with lifelong learning and personalized learning opportunities. It aims to build a lifelong learning framework with mutual recognition of academic background and certificate and the connection of various education and training. It is an important way for countries to establish lifelong learning society, and also an important measure to promote economic development and modern vocational education system reform. Pakistan, as a crucial partner in the the Belt and Road, has implemented vocational education reform based on National Vocational Qualifications Framework, which aims at improving the quality of education and training, national occupation quality and equal educational opportunity. Therefore, the research on Pakistan’s National Vocational Qualifications Framework will help to promote the construction of Credit Bank, “1 + X” Certificate System and talent training along the Belt and Road in China.


Vocational Education; National Vocational Qualifications Framework; Pakistan

Cite This Paper

Yu Yao. Research on Vocational Education and Training under the National Vocational Qualification Framework in Pakistan. International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology (2021), Vol. 3, Issue 7: 78-86. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFS.2021.030714.


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