King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
Cystoscopy is a standard endoscopy. Doctors use a transurethral cystoscope to observe interior conditions of the urinary bladder and urethra. Diagnosis of specific urinary system disease can be made based on the acquired conditions. For instance, urethral stricture, diverticula, cystitis cystica and prostatic enlargement. Besides basic functions on inspection, cystoscopy can be used to operate some treatments as well, which includes cystodiathermy, removing bladder stones, hemostasis and lesions in other organs that associated with the bladder. Doctors can choose various types of cystoscopes to operate cystoscopy or treatment according to the diverse symptoms of the patients.
Cystoscope, cystoscopy, Inspection Procedures
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 The the British Association of Urological Surgeons (2012) Flexible Cystoscopy Performance Criteria, Training and Assessment Logbook. Available at: https://www.baus.org.uk/_userfiles/ pages/files/ Publications/FlexiLogbook.pdf (Accessed: 26 August 2021).
 ‘What Is a Cystoscope?’ (no date) Available at: https://www.netinbag.com/en/health/what-is- a-cystoscope. html (Accessed: 26 August 2021).
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