Department of Anesthesiology, The First People's Hospital of Jingzhou (The First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University), Jingzhou, Hubei, 434020, China
The pain after thoracic surgery is often moderate to severe. Perioperative analgesia has always been one of the research hotspots of thoracic anesthesia. The patients were prepared before operation according to the routine, and the fasting time was performed according to the fasting guidelines before anesthesia for adult surgery. After entering the operating room, first establish an infusion channel in the vein of the upper limb, and routinely use a monitor to monitor the basic vital signs. Puncture the right internal jugular vein and place the tube under ultrasound; Under local anesthesia, the radial artery was punctured and catheterized, and the catheter was connected with the transducer to monitor the invasive blood pressure. All patients in group P used the puncture method through the lateral approach. Use the same method on the opposite side. The plane was measured by acupuncture. If there was hypoesthesia, the effect of block was determined, and the spinal nerve block segments after plane fixation were recorded. The complications related to puncture (such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, local anesthetic poisoning, etc.), operation time, extubation time, propofol, remifentanil and the use of cisatracurium during maintenance were recorded. Among all patients, the patients with ID ≥ 2 in TPVB group and Gen group were 14.1% and 18.8% respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Thoracic paravertebral block combined with general anesthesia is beneficial to reduce perioperative complications, incidence rate and mortality, and improve postoperative outcome.
Ultrasound Guidance, Paravertebral Nerve Block, Thoracic Operation, One-Lung Ventilation
Qifei Li. Ultrasound Guided Paravertebral Nerve Block in Thoracotomy. International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (2021), Vol. 3, Issue 4: 37-41. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFM.2021.030407.
 Soliman B S, Harira M. Local endometrial scratching under ultrasound-guidance after failed intrauterine insemination and cycle outcome: A randomized controlled trial [J]. Middle East Fertility Society Journal, 2017, 22(1):60-66.
 Guay J, Suresh S, Kopp S. The Use of Ultrasound Guidance for Perioperative Neuraxial and Peripheral Nerve Blocks in Children: A Cochrane Review [J]. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 2017, 2(3):948-958.
 Giorgio A, Luca M D, Gatti P, et al. Treatment of Hydatid Liver Cyst With Double Percutaneous Aspiration and Ethanol Injection Under Ultrasound Guidance: 6.5-Year Median Follow-up Analysis [J]. CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, 2021, 44(8):1214-1222.
 Francica G, Meloni M F, Sio I D , et al. Biopsy of Liver Target Lesions under Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Guidance – A Multi-Center Study [J]. Ultraschall in der Medizin, 2017, 39(4):448-453.
 Ferreira-Dos-Santos G, Hurdle M, Gupta S, et al. Revisiting the Genicular Nerve Block: An Up-to-Date Guide Utilizing Ultrasound Guidance and Peripheral Nerve Stimulation - Anatomy Description and Technique Standardization [J]. Pain Physician, 2021, 24(2):E177-E183.
 Sivaraman A, Marra G, Stabile A, et al. Does mpMRI guidance improve HIFU partial gland ablation compared to conventional ultrasound guidance? Early functional outcomes and complications from a single center [J]. International braz j urol: official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology, 2020, 46(6):984-992.
 Tin S, Kurup V, Cheema I, et al. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Intra-Operative Ultrasound Guidance Breast-Conserving Surgery in Early Breast Cancer [J]. AJS Review, 2021, 8(2):1-3.
 Zhao D, Shao Y Q, Hu J, et al. Role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound guidance in core-needle biopsy for diagnosis of cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis[J]. Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, 2020, 77(1):1-9.
 Thibodeau R, Simone B A, Tanny S, et al. Advantages of real-time transabdominal ultrasound guidance in combined interstitial/intracavitary cervical brachytherapy: a case-based review [J]. Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy, 2021, 13(2):211-220.
 Win N T, Hamid A, Hadi H A. TCTAP C-075 Waiting for a Healing: PCI to Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Under Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance [J]. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2021, 77(14):S170-S172.