Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010010, China
Rudolfo Anaya is a contemporary eminent Mexican American writer. Bless Me, Ultima is one of his most well-known works and also his debut in literature. With the guidance of functional memory theory in cultural memory and based on the background of the coexistence and development of various cultures, this paper is an interpretation of the national culture and identity by analyzing three protagonists’ different recognition of cultural memory and identity. All in all, this paper shows that only when Mexican Americans have the courage to admit the culture diversity of all ethnic groups, absorb and connect all ethnic groups, as well as deeply realize that ethnic unity is the only way, can they reshape the cultural memory and reconstruct a real identity.
Bless me, Ultima, culture diversity, cultural memory, identity, ethnic unity
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