Hao Sun1, Wufanbieke Baheti2, Yinxuan Pu1, Quan Yang1, Shangyi Lv1, Yu Su1, Bangxiu Zheng1, Huiyu He1
1Department of Prosthodontics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (Affiliated Stomatological Hospital), Xinjiang, China
2Department of Stomatology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Autonomous Region Xinjiang, China
Bone tissue defect is mainly caused by trauma, tumor and infection, which will not only cause serious dysfunction and malformation but also cause serious psychological damage to patients. Bone defect repair is a complex process. The proposal of bone tissue engineering provides more possibilities for clinical bone defect related diseases. The formation of vascularization is also a key element in bone tissue engineering. Bone regeneration requires the interaction between osteogenesis and angiogenesis in order to form bone and reconstruct tissue. In bone tissue engineering, microRNA (miRNA) can mediate bone metabolism and affect bone development. microRNA-378(miR-378) can promote osteoblast differentiation through different mechanisms, showing a good application prospect in bone defect repair. This paper reviews the mechanism of osteogenesis and angiogenesis of miR-378, as a result of which may provide a new idea for the study of bone tissue regeneration.
microRNA, miR-378, Bone tissue engineering, Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, Osteogenic differentiation, Angiogenic differentiation
Hao Sun, Wufanbieke Baheti, Yinxuan Pu, Quan Yang, Shangyi Lv, Yu Su, Bangxiu Zheng, Huiyu He. Research Progress on the Mechanism of miRNA-378 Osteogenesis and Angiogenesis. International Journal of Frontiers in Medicine (2022), Vol. 4, Issue 2: 42-47. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFM.2022.040208.
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