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The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology, 2019, 1(3); doi: 10.25236/FSST.20190302.

Aspects of Westernization in Japanese Language: Construction of Gairaigo and its Social Implication


Zhongyin Zhang

Corresponding Author:
Zhongyin Zhang

Miss Hall‘s School, Massachusetts 01201, USA


This paper examines Japanese gairaigo from the basic aspects of its construction in terms of history, lexemes by vocabulary strata, orthography, phonology, and morphosyntax and social implications from the perspectives of functional and social motivations coined by Omar (2015). In addition, public surveys showed that many people considered the excessive number of incomprehensible foreign loanwords in a negative way, giving rise to a lot of opposing voices and ongoing language divisions by generations.


Japanese Language; Gairaigo ; Social Implication

Cite This Paper

Zhongyin Zhang. Aspects of Westernization in Japanese Language: Construction of Gairaigo and its Social Implication. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology (2019) Vol. 1 Issue 3: 11-23. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSST.20190302.


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