Chengcheng Qian1, Zijun Cao2, Yudi Zhang3
1College of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730106, China
2School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730106, China
3College of Information, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, China
At present, the huge prospect of asteroid mining makes the investment and benefit allocation of asteroid mining become a hot issue. This study discussed how to exploit and distribute the mineral resources of asteroids fairly. A method to measure global equity was put forward, and four indicators that affect global equity: extreme poverty, war instability, north-south gap and carbon emissions per capita were identified. Then, the analytic hierarchy process method was used to give proper weights to the deter-mined factors and pass the consistency test, and then a global equity evaluation model was established. With reference to aerospace technology and science fiction technologies such as space elevator, a mining and investment income allocation model was developed according to economic principles. The division of labor in different stages of mining industry and its possible influence on global equity were preliminarily qualitatively analyzed. The results show that the established mining and investment income allocation model will make the whole world realize better equity in the later stage of mining. This study provides a good idea for the exploitation and utilization of asteroid mineral resources and the distribution of investment income in the future.
Asteroid mining; global equity; Global equity evaluation model; Mining and investment income allocation model
Chengcheng Qian, Zijun Cao, Yudi Zhang. Research on Global Equity Evaluation and Exploitation and Investment Allocation of Asteroid Mineral Resources. Academic Journal of Business & Management (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 5: 66-71. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJBM.2022.040514.
 Yidong Gu, Exploring space: Analysis on the development and utilization of space resources [M]. Beijing: China Aerospace Press, 2011.
 Jing Wang, Viewing the civil-military integration in the U.S. aerospace field from the rise of SpaceX [J]. National Defense Technology, 2018, 39(03): 110-114.
 Zizheng Gong, Ming Li, Chuan Chen, Changyin Zhao, The frontier science and key technologies of asteroid monitoring and early warning, security defense and resource utilization [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2020, 65(05): 346-372.
 Peng Zhao, On the construction of international legal system for the exploitation of outer Space Resources [D]. Zhengzhou: Zhengzhou University, 2017.
 Yiting Zhu, Great Dictionary of ethics [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House, 2011.
 H. Rosling, A. R. Rönnlund, O. Rosling, Factfulness: Ten reasons we're wrong about the world-and why things are better than you think [M]. Sceptre, 2018.
 Jianhua Zhang, An convenient method to calculate Gini coefficient [J]. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), 2007, (03): 275-278+283.
 A. Ishizaka, A. Labib, Review of the main developments in the analytic hierarchy process [J]. Expert systems with applications, 2011, 38(11), 14336-14345.
 S. Myeong, Y. Jung, E. Lee, A study on determinant factors in smart city development: An analytic hierarchy process analysis [J]. Sustainability, 2018, 10(08): 1-17.
 O. S. Vaidya, S. Kumar, Analytic hierarchy process: An overview of applications [J]. European Journal of operational research, 2006, 169(01): 1-29.
 The World Bank: https://www.shihang.org/zh/understanding-poverty.