Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Frontiers in Sport Research, 2022, 4(4); doi: 10.25236/FSR.2022.040401.

Emergency Response and Management for Mountain Marathon Cross-Country Events


Shuai Cao, Mou Li, Yuan Ping, Jing Huang

Corresponding Author:
Jing Huang

School of Physical Education, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan, 430074, China


The cases of mountain marathon accidents in the past five years at home and abroad are combined with the domino theory of accident causation theory to analyze mountain cross-country marathon events. Conclusion: Equipment problems are the main cause of accidents, athletes' strain response is the decisive factor leading to accidents, and a sound rescue system is an important guarantee to avoid accidents; hidden danger investigation includes emergency training for emergencies, inspection of athletes' mandatory equipment, and inspection of guarantee measures; prevention of accidents requires enhanced awareness of risk prevention, more integrated development and implementation of policy requirements; experience learning includes education and training, assurance mechanisms, safety measures, epidemic prevention and control, emergency plans and communication systems; prevention of emergencies includes improving prevention mechanisms, holding outdoor safety education and training seminars, and pressing for accountability mechanisms.


Mountain marathon trail race, emergencies, response, management

Cite This Paper

Shuai Cao, Mou Li, Yuan Ping, Jing Huang. Emergency Response and Management for Mountain Marathon Cross-Country Events. Frontiers in Sport Research (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 4: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSR.2022.040401.


[1] Sina Sports. An inventory of fatalities in cross-country events around the world. [EB/OL]. Sina Sports. [2021-05-25]. https://sports.sina.com /

[2] Zhao, Nana. Research on risk management of marathon sports injuries [D]. Huazhong Normal University, 2018.

[3] Li Yang. Research on the current situation and strategy of emergency management of outdoor sports emergencies in China [D]. Hunan Normal University, 2017. 

[4] Zhang Su, Zhang Jing, Zou Guozhong. On the formation mechanism and control of marathon risk - based on the perspective of social combustion theory [J]. Journal of Nanjing Sports College, 2021,20(07):1-7+87. 

[5] Zhu Jianghua. Research on the emergency management mechanism of outdoor sports emergencies in China [D]. Donghua University, 2013.

[6] Liu MK, Du YT. Analysis of the Causes of Outdoor Sports Accidents in China [J]. Contemporary Sports Science and Technology, 2019,9(07):236-237+239.

[7] Feng Wei, Tong Erbao. Characteristic analysis and countermeasures of outdoor sports safety accidents in China [J]. Journal of Nanjing Sports College (Natural Science Edition), 2012,11(02):129-132.

[8] Wang Jintao and Zhao Shuaijie. Baiyin marathon incident investigation results announced: 27 relevant personnel held accountable [EB/OL]. People's Daily Online. [2021-06-11]. http://gs.people.com.cn/.

[9] Lin Qiaobing, Wu Zhong et al. Research on risk prevention and management of large sports events in China under major sudden public events [J]. Journal of Jilin Institute of Sports, 2020, 36(03):30-35. 

[10] State Council of the People's Republic of China. Measures for the management of sporting events [J]. Bulletin of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 2020(13):40-45.

[11] State General Administration of Sports. Measures for the management of sports events [J]. Journal of physical adult education, 2013, 2.

[12] Wang Guo-Liang, Wang Fang et al. Response and management of road cycling event emergencies under double prevention mechanism [J]. [J]. Sports World (Academic Edition), 2018(04):18-19. 

[13] Lin Shixing. A study on the attribution of responsibility and legislative status of outdoor sports safety in China [J]. Journal of Economic Research, 2011(15):210-212.

[14] Liu Zhipeng. Research on emergency management and response of sports event emergencies [D]. Chongqing University, 2019.

[15] Journalist of this newspaper. Improving the regulatory responsibility system to implement the main responsibility of organizers [N]. China Emergency Management News, 2021-07-06(001).