School of Social Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Based on CHARLS survey data, we studied the choice of medical behaviors of the elderly under the social pension model, and analyzed the choice of medical behaviors of the elderly using the propensity matching method, starting from four levels: preventive medical behaviors, timely hospitalization behaviors, treatment selection behaviors, and medical expenditure behaviors. The results showed that the social pension had a significant effect on the behavioral choices of preventive medical treatment and timely hospitalization, while the social pension did not have a significant effect on the other medical behavioral choices of the elderly. It can be seen that the reasons for the choice of medical behavior come from the elderly's own needs and medical support policies and facilities on the one hand, and social pensions in old age on the other. At present, China should make medical insurance and old-age insurance form a synergy to meet the basic living and medical needs of the elderly in their old age and promote the health of the elderly based on ensuring the level of social old-age insurance for the elderly, the balance of the pension fund and the sustainable development of the system.
Social pension; potential medical needs; medical behavior; propensity score matching; treatment effect
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