Ren Yuxiang, Wang Weimin
School of Government, Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai, 201701, China
With the expansion of the technological revolution, technology is reshaping the international political landscape and reconstructing the national power structure with unprecedented speed and intensity. Technology has become a key variable affecting a country’s domestic and foreign affairs. Throughout the history of the rise of great powers, the first step to gaining hegemony is to cultivate and master the technological power leading the entire world. National strength based on technology has become the core content of the competitive strategy of great powers. The safety of the industrial policy and supply chain has become the new focus of national security. Therefore, the United States accelerates the process of decoupling from China, due to the rapid rise of China’s national power. Focusing on the history of American economic, this paper sorts out the policy evolution and theoretical logic of American decoupling from China by sorting out and comparing thinktank reports and policy documents, relying on the mercantilism theory of international political economy and the thoughts of American school. Through case analysis, the article draws lessons from the experience of science and technology competition among great powers to provide corresponding suggestions.
China-US relations, decoupling, supply chain decoupling, industrial policy
Ren Yuxiang, Wang Weimin. US. Decoupling from China: Strategic logic, Trend and Measures. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 12: 47-54. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSST.2022.041206.
 To Decouple or Not to Decouple? Kevin Rudd Speech for the Robert F. Ellsworth Memorial Lecture, Asia Society Policy Institute, https://asiasociety.org/policy-institute/decouple-or-not-decouple.
 J. Stewart Black,Allen J(2021). Morrison, The Strategic Challenges of Decoupling：Navigating your company’s future in China, Harvard Business Review, May-June.
 Reuters, Yellen says U.S. may decouple to some extent from China to protect security, https://www.reuters.com/world/us/yellen-says-us-may-decouple-some-extent-china-protect-security-2021-06-16/.
 Statement on Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity, May23, 2022, https://www. whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/05/23/statement-on-indo-pacific-economic-framework-for-prosperity/.
 U.S.-EU TTC Inaugural Joint Statement, http: // eu. mofcom. gov. cn/ article/ jmxw/ 202110/ 20211003204651. shtml.
 U.S.-EU Joint Statement of the Trade and Technology Council, May16, 2022, https: // www. commerce. gov/news/press-releases/2022/05/us-eu-joint-statement-trade-and-technology-council.
 Fact Sheet: CHIPS and Science Act Will Lower Costs, Create Jobs, Strengthen Supply Chains, and Counter China, White House, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/ 2022/ 08/ 09/fact-sheet-chips-and-science-act-will-lower-costs-create-jobs-strengthen-supply-chains-and-counter-china/.
 Robert Gilpin (2011), US Power and the Multinational Corporation: The Political Economy of Direct Investments, Zhong Feiteng, Dongfang Publishing, p53.
 Jason Furman, America’s Wage-Price Persistence Must Be Stopped, Project syndicate, Aug2, 2022, https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/inflation-wage-price-spiral-requires-fed-tightening-by-jason-furman-2022-08?barrier=accesspaylog.
 Conor M. Savoy, Sundar R. Ramanujam, Diversifying Supply Chains: The Role of Development Assistance and Other Official Finance, June 2022
 Robert. D (2022). Atkinson, The Hamilton Index: Assessing National Performance in the Competition for Advanced Industries, Hamilton Center on Industrial Strategy, June, p31-43.
 Robert A. Manning, The U.S. Finally Has a Sputnik Moment with China: Fear of Beijing’s technological prowess is driving deep policy shifts, Foreign Policy, October29, 2020. https://news. sina.cn/gn/2020-10-31/detail-iiznezxr9070703.d.html?cre=tianyi&mod=wpage&loc=16&r=0&rfunc= 50&tj=cxvideo_wpage&tr=214&wm=3236
 Scott Lincicome, Determining America’s “Dependence” on China for Essential Medical Goods, July13, 2020, CATO Institute, https://www.cato.org/blog/determining-americas-dependence-china-essential-medical-goods
 Li Bo, Liu Changming (2019), Roots and Countermeasures of China-US Trade Frictions: From the Perspective of Trade Expectation Theory, Pacific Journal, 27(09):71-81.
 Friedrich Liszt(1997), The National System of Political Economy, Chen Wanxiu, The Commercial Press, p260.
 Jia Genliang (2011), The American School: The National Economic Theory that Fostered the Economic Rise of the United States, Social Science in China, (04):111-125+222-223.
 Hajoon Chang(2009), Rich Nations, Poor Policies & The Threat to the Developing World, Social Science Academic Press (China), p82.
 Michael Hudson (2020), America’s Protectionist Takeoff: Economic Theory and Politics (1815-1914), China Renmin University Press, , p312-313.
 Zi Zhongyun (2018), America in the 20th Century, The Commercial Press, p342-343.
 Peter Cowhey (2020), Meeting the China Challenge: A New American Strategy for Technology Competition, p.3-8. November 16.
 The U.S. and China Haven’t Divorced Just Yet,Foreign Policy,June22, 2022,https://foreignpolicy. com/2022/06/22/united-states-china-decoupling-business-ties/
 Jon Bateman, U.S.-China Technological “Decoupling”: A Strategy and Policy Framework, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, p1, April 25, 2022.
 Jon Bateman, U.S.-China Technological “Decoupling”: A Strategy and Policy Framework, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, p2, April 25, 2022.
 Tom Cotton, Beat China: Targeted Decoupling and the Economic Long War, the Office of Senator Tom Cotton, p57, February, 2021.
 Christopher Condon, Yellen Touts ‘Friend-Shoring’ as Fix for Global Supply Chains, Bloomberg, July18,2022, https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/yellen-touts-friend-shoring-as-fix-for-global-supply-chains-1.1793500 .
 Michaela D. Platzer, John F. Sargent Jr(2016).U.S. Semiconductor Manufacturing: Industry Trends, Global Competition, Federal Policy, Congressional Research Service, p18-19, June 27.
 Robert Gilpin (2006), The Political Economy of International Relations, Shanghai Century Publishing, p42-43.
 Karl Theodor Helfferich(2019), Economic War and War Economy, Taihai Publishing House, p80-81.