Qi He1, Ruican Nie3, Ayidana Wulaerbieke1, Amannisahan Jiapaer1, Bin Ling1,2
1Oncological Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, School/Hospital of Stomatology Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
2Stomatological Research Institute of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
3Minimally Invasive & Interventional Department, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, 450008, China
The association between venous thromboembolism (VTE) and malignancy has been demonstrated by a large number of studies, cancer is associated with thrombosis, which also has an impact on the proliferation and extension of cancer. The pathogenesis of cancer-related venous thromboembolism is complex, and the formation of thrombosis is the result of the complex interaction of multiple factors. This article reviews the pathological mechanism and related factors of venous thromboembolism associated with oral maxillofacial-head and neck malignancies as follows, by discussing the risk factors of VTE in patients with o oral maxillofacial-head and neck malignancies, more clearly understands the pathogenesis and risk factors of VTE associated with it, better prevent VTE in clinical practical application, strengthen risk assessment, improve the understanding of VTE related factors, do a good job in the education of patients and medical staff, individualized management and anticoagulant therapy for patients, close follow-up and regular review after treatment, so as to improve the life treatment of patients, prolong the survival time, and reduce the occurrence of VTE associated with oral maxillofacial head and neck malignancies.
Venous thromboembolism; oral maxillofacial-head and neck cancer; related factors
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