Meixiu Zhu1, Rong Yin2
1Department of Meixiu Zhu, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, China
2Qilin District Dongshan Town No. 1 Middle School, Qujing, China
In the nursing home, the elderly live together, communicate with each other and entertain together. The investigation found that the elderly in Qilin District Nursing Home of Qujing City rarely take part in physical exercise, and the content of the exercise is its single, the most common exercise is jogging, Qigong and Taijiquan. And there are no perfect sports facilities for the elderly to do physical exercise; and no professional social sports instructors to guide the elderly. In addition, the staff in the nursing home will hardly organize collective physical exercise activities or regularly publicize physical exercise knowledge. Therefore, it is necessary to study and analyze the physical exercise of the elderly in the nursing homes in this area. This paper focuses on the gender and age of the elderly, the education level, the spouse, the situation and influencing factors, the purpose and motivation of the physical exercise, the frequency and intensity of the physical exercise, and the development of the exercise and enhance the awareness of the elderly physical exercise. According to the data released by National Bureau of Statistics, China began to enter an aging society in 2000, and by 2018, the proportion of the population aged 65 and above reached 11.9%, and the aging degree of the population continues to deepen . The change of population structure has greatly challenged the traditional concept of "raising children for old age", and the social pension with the nursing home as the main body will become an inevitable choice for many elderly people . The nursing home is a professional institution for the elderly, with various necessary facilities for the elderly, which can provide them with convenient conditions such as food, clothing, housing and use. In nursing homes, people of similar age teach them to live together, communicate together and entertain together, which can avoid the loneliness caused by family pension and self-retirement . Because the elderly in the nursing home live together for a long time, it is easy to organize together to participate in sports and fitness activities. However, most of the nursing homes in China are social welfare institutions for the special elderly groups, and the service objects are mostly the most vulnerable social groups, with few service items. There is a lack of specialized talents to provide physical exercise guidance for the elderly, and it is difficult to provide scientific, systematic and effective physical exercise guidance for the elderly. Therefore, it is of great practical significance to study and analyze the current situation of physical exercise for the elderly in nursing homes.
kylin district; nursing home; the elderly; physical exercise
Meixiu Zhu, Rong Yin. Investigation and Analysis of the Physical Exercise Status of the Elderly in Qilin District Nursing Home of Qujing City. Frontiers in Sport Research (2023) Vol. 5, Issue 2: 48-55. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSR.2023.050210.
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