International Journal of New Developments in Education, 2023, 5(6); doi: 10.25236/IJNDE.2023.050613.
Jian Huang1, Yuanyuan Wei2, Dongling Liang3
1Dean's Office, Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, China
2Clinical Medicine Student of the Class of 2019, Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise, China
3Radiology Department, People's Hospital of Baise, Baise, China
This research paper delves into the subject of innovation and entrepreneurship in the field of medical education in China. It reviews relevant literature on education reform on medical innovation and entrepreneurship and identifies the challenges that higher medical education in China needs to address. These challenges include the integration of interdisciplinary knowledge, the need for in-depth integration of professional education with innovation and entrepreneurship education, the sustainable development of innovation and entrepreneurship education, and the lack of an innovation and entrepreneurship education management system. Additionally, the paper explores the current state of innovation and entrepreneurship education in the United States and highlights the importance of a teaching goal in medical innovation and entrepreneurship education. The study suggests that the United States' approach emphasizes participation rather than the result, which China can learn from. Furthermore, the paper analyzes three aspects: the lack of a system, the insufficient combination of professional education with innovation and entrepreneurship education, and the teaching management concept. The study proposes countermeasures to improve the construction of innovation and entrepreneurship integration systems, deepen the reform of medical courses, and innovate medical management mechanisms. The proposed strategies aim to provide references for the innovation and entrepreneurship education in Chinese medical colleges and universities based on the new medical science. Ultimately, this study provides valuable insights and recommendations for promoting innovation and entrepreneurship education in Chinese medical education.
New medical science; Innovation and entrepreneurship education; Teaching reform
Jian Huang, Yuanyuan Wei, Dongling Liang. Integrating Innovation and Entrepreneurship into Medical Education: A Framework for Reform. International Journal of New Developments in Education (2023) Vol. 5, Issue 6: 76-86. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJNDE.2023.050613.
 KE H, LING W. Research on the development strategy of "New Medical Sciences" under the background of Healthy China [J]. Chinese Engineering Science, 2019, 21(02): 98-102.
 JIAN L. New engineering construction: strongly build the upgraded version of "Excellence Plan" [J]. Higher Engineering Education Research 2017, (03): 7-14.
 MINJIANG H, XIAOJUN D, GUANHAICHEN, et al. Research on university-enterprise collaborative training and practice of medical imaging talents under the background of "new Medical Science" [J]. Medical education research and practice, 2021, 29(04): 502-5+23.
 YAFENG S, PAN H-S, SHIBIN W. The specialty layout and formation mechanism of "Double High Plan" construction universities [J]. Jiangsu higher education, 2021, (02): 112-8.
 Niccum B A , Sarker A , Wolf S J , et al. Innovation and entrepreneurship programs in US medical education: a landscape review and thematic analysis[J]. Medical Education Online, 2017, 22(1):1360722.
 Tan W , Zhou J , Qiu J , et al. Practice and Reflection on Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education in Medical Colleges and Universities in China[C]// International Conference on Education, Management, Information and Management Society. 2018.
 XIAOZHOU X, MIN Z. Concept reform and strategic choice of entrepreneurship education [J]. Educational Research, 2012, 33(05): 64-8.
 Wang Y , Wan S , Li W . Exploration on Experimental Economics and the Education Reform of "New Finance and Economics"[C]// 2020 International Symposium on Advances in Informatics, Electronics and Education (ISAIEE). 2020.
 CHEN X-C. Difficulties and mechanism innovation in the construction of teachers for entrepreneurship education in local colleges and universitie [J]. Higher Education of Engineering Research, 2017, (03): 170-3.
 DEQIN J. Analysis on the construction of teaching staff for innovation and entrepreneurship education in Colleges and universities [J]. Chinese Higher Education, 2011, (10): 34-6.
 ZHU X, MEIWEIHUI, CHAO Y. Difficulties and strategies in the faculty construction of entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities [J]. China Higher Education Research, 2012, (09): 82-5.
 MA Y-B. The way to construct the curriculum ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship education -- Based on a case study of Tsinghua University's entrepreneurship education [J]. Higher Engineering Education Research, 2016, (05): 137-40+50.
 GAO Z-G, YAN W, GANG W. On the teaching System construction of innovation and entrepreneurship education courses in colleges and universities [J]. Heilongjiang Higher Education research, 2016, (03): 93-5.
 Zhuang Y , Zhang H , Zhang X . Integrating the Concepts of Innovation and Entrepreneurship into Psychological Health Education in Colleges[J]. Francis Academic Press, 2017(4).
 JINYAN H. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education: Concept, System and Platform [J]. China Higher Education Research, 2018, (07): 7-11.
 XIAOZHOU X, WEIHUI M, HAO N. College students' entrepreneurial dilemma and Institutional innovation [J]. China Higher Education Research, 2015, (01): 45-8+53.
 XIAOZHOU X, LI Z-Y. System and Policy choice of Entrepreneurship education in Colleges and universities in China [J]. Research on Educational Development, 2010, 30(11): 12-8.
 ZHU X-D, RONGRONG G, LIBAO W. Research on the integrated development of innovation and entrepreneurship education and professional education based on CDIO concept [J]. Jiangsu higher education, 2018, (02): 77-80.
 JIAN L. The construction of new engineering specialty with multi-disciplinary integration [J]. Higher engineering education research, 2018, (01): 32-45.
 Lisheng L . Research on the Cultivation Mode of Application-Oriented E-Commerce Talents Under the Background of Smart New Retail[C]// International Conference on E-Commerce and Internet Technology. IEEE, 2021.
 GANG Z, YANTING G. How do world-class universities build an entrepreneurial education ecosystem: Experience and Inspiration from Stanford University [J]. Comparative Education Study, 2014, 36(09): 25-31.
 QIUJIANG Z, FA Z. "Trinity": The construction and operation of entrepreneurship education model for college students -- experience from Ningbo University [J]. Chinese Higher Education research, 2009, (04): 84-5.
 PEILIANG L, LIAN L. Discussion on the experience of Improving the employability of university students in UK [J]. Fudan Education Forum, 2009, 7(06): 72-5.
 Wang J Z , Yan-Ping B I , Fei L I , et al. Research on the Integrating Path of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education and Pharmaceutical Education under the Background of Internet Plus[J]. Medicine Teaching in University(Electronic Edition), 2017.
 ZHAOXIN H. Promoting the transformation and development of innovation and entrepreneurship education in Chinese [J]. Chinese Higher Education, 2017, (07): 45-7.
 LIU G-X, CHANGSHI M. Explore the mechanism for integrating innovation and entrepreneurship education with professional education [J]. Education and Career, 2017, (20): 70-4.
 HUI D, XIAOMEI Z. Deep integration of innovation and entrepreneurship education and professional education: Based on data analysis of universities in Beijing [J]. Chinese University Technology Transfer, 2017, (05): 91-4.
 SONG K. A Study on the effects of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Opportunities and Entrepreneurship Intention [J]. Journal of Hotel & Resort, 2019, 18(2): 371-92.
 ZHANREN W. Research on the disciplinary characteristics and development orientation of Innovation and entrepreneurship education in Chinese Universities [J]. Educational Research, 2016, 37(03): 56-63.
 HARKEMA S J M, SCHOUT H J. Incorporating Studen” Centred Learning in Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education [J]. European Journal of Education, 2008, 43: 513-26.
 YAN L, WEI M, MENG A, et al. Exploration and practice of innovative practical education mode for college students [J]. Research and Exploration in Laboratory, 2016, 35(01): 166-8.
 LIU B-C. Establish the concept of innovation and entrepreneurship education to cultivate innovative spirit and practical ability [J]. Chinese Higher Education, 2010, (12): 12-5.
 SHIMING Z. Big data driving innovation and entrepreneurship education reform: Theory and Practice [J]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 2016, 37(03): 65-73.
 Jiang H, Qing-Jian L, Yu-Jian B I, et al. Thoughts on Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education in Local Medical Colleges and Universities[J]. Medical Education Research and Practice, 2017.
 RADHARAMANAN R, JUANG J-N. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education in Engineering [M]//JUANG J, CHEN C Y, YANG C F. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems. 2014: 1281-90.
 SUN B, IEEE. Reform of the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education System in Colleges and Universities under the Application of Internet of Things Technology [M]. Los Alamitos: Ieee Computer Soc, 2021.
 WANG J, LIANG Y, WANG J. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education Ways of Agricultural Mechanization Majors [M]//MCANALLY E, HYLIND M, VOLODINA T, et al. Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Arts, Design and Contemporary Education. 2016: 1375-7.
 JI C. ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT OF INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES [J]. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 2020, 21(5): 1906-14.
 Wang B. Exploration of the Path of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for College Students from the Perspective of Mental Health Education[J]. Journal of healthcare engineering, 2022, 2022:2659160.
 CHAI X-D. A Comparison of entrepreneurship education in Universities of China, The United States and India [J]. University education management, 2009, 3(01): 85-92.
 Slavica, Kandic, Susanne, et al. The Surgery Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development Program (SIEDP): An Experiential Learning Program for Surgery Faculty to Ideate and Implement Innovations in Health care[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2019.
 LI L Y. Research on entrepreneurship education in American Universities [D]; Capital Normal University, 2008.
 Papadopoulos P M, Burger R, Faria A. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Education[J]. 2016, 10.1108/S2051-229520172:3-29.
 HUIZI H. Study on incentive Mechanism of College Students' innovation and entrepreneurship [D]; Anhui University, 2014.
 Liu Z, Jiang T, Yang F, et al. Oriental Culture System Theory and the System Construction of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for Medical Students[J]. China Continuing Medical Education, 2018.