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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(8); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.060819.

Avoidance Attachment and Smartphone Addiction in Rural Secondary School Students


Ma Jingyuan

Corresponding Author:
Ma Jingyuan

Beijing Bayi School, Beijing, 100080, China


This study aims to explore the relationship between parent-child attachment avoidance and smartphone dependence among rural junior high school students. The theoretical model was constructed based on attachment theory, evolutionary model of trait social anxiety, compensatory internet use theory and social cognitive theory of social class, and adopted smartphone addiction scale, parent-child attachment avoidance scale, social anxiety scale and the economic difficulty scale surveyed 285 rural junior high school students. The results showed that: (1) parent-child attachment avoidance of junior high school students positively predicted their smartphone dependence; (2) social anxiety played a mediating role between the two; (3) family economic difficulties moderated the second half of the mediating effect, and social anxiety had Junior high school students with high family economic difficulties have a stronger predictive effect on smartphone dependence. The findings of this study have theoretical significance for reducing the dependence on smartphones of junior high school students.


Smartphone Dependence; Parent-child Attachment Avoidance; Social Anxiety; Family Financial Difficulties

Cite This Paper

Ma Jingyuan. Avoidance Attachment and Smartphone Addiction in Rural Secondary School Students. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 8: 100-105. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.060819.


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