Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(13); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061303.

The Relationship between Socially Mindful Experiences and Behaviors in Preschoolers


Xinyu Yin1, Hang Yu2, Xin Zheng1

Corresponding Author:
Xinyu Yin

1Qingdao Binhai College, Qingdao, Shandong, 266555, China

2Longtan Prison of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211313, China


Social Mindfulness (SoMi) is a prosocial action in which individuals consciously attend to, respect, and protect the needs and power of others’ choices, contributing to good interpersonal relationships. In this study, 75 children aged 5-6 years were randomly selected, and the social mindfulness paradigm was used to explore the relationship between preschoolers’ socially mindful experiences and behaviors. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the level of socially mindful behaviors among children of different genders. The socially mindful behaviors of preschoolers with positive experiences were significantly higher than those with negative experiences; the socially mindful behaviors of preschoolers with neutral experiences were not significantly different from those with positive and negative experiences. There was no significant difference in the psychological cost to preschoolers between acting and not acting in social mindfulness. This suggests that socially mindful experiences affect socially mindful behaviors, but not exclusively.


Social Mindfulness; Preschoolers; Prosocial action

Cite This Paper

Xinyu Yin, Hang Yu, Xin Zheng. The Relationship between Socially Mindful Experiences and Behaviors in Preschoolers. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 13: 15-21. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061303.


[1] van Doesum N. J., van Lange, D. A. W., & van Lange, P. A. M. Social Mindfulness: Skill and will to navigate the social world[J]. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2013, 105(1): 86-103.

[2] van Lange P. A., & van Doesum N. J. Social, mindfulness and social hostility[J]. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 2015, 3: 18–24.

[3] Declerck C. H., Boone C., & Emonds G. When do people cooperate? The neuroeconomics of prosocial decision making[J]. Brain and Cognition, 2013, 81: 95–117.

[4] Zhao Xin., Zhao Xuan., Gweon H., & Kushnir, T. Leaving a choice for others: Children’s evaluations of considerate, socially-mindful actions[J]. Child Development, 2021, 92(4): 1238-1253.

[5] Zhao Xin, Li Dandan, Yang Xiangdong. The relationship between preschoolers’ understanding of considerate socially-mindful actions and theory of mind[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2022, 54(8): 892-904.

[6] van der Graaff, J., Carlo G., Crocetti E., Koot H. M., & Branje S. Prosocial behavior in adolescence: Gender differences in development and links with empathy[J]. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2018, 47(5): 1086-1099.

[7] Yan Yixia, Liu Yanying, Ding Fang. The Effects of Theory of Mind and the Pattern of Social Interactions on the Development of Social Mindfulness in Junior High School Students[J]. Psychological Development and Education, 2020, 38(4): 485-494.

[8] Dou Kai, Liu Yaozhong, Wang Yujie, Nie Yangang. Willingness to cooperate: Emotion enhancement mechanism of perceived Social Mindfulness on cooperative behaviour[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(1): 101-114.

[9] Bjerregaard K., Haslam S. A., Morton T., & Ryan M. K. Social and relational identification as determinants of care workers’ motivation and wellbeing[J]. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, 6: 1460.

[10] Mischkowski D., Thielmann I., & Glöckner A. Think it through before making a choice? Processing mode does not influence Social Mindfulness[J]. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2018, 74: 85-97.

[11] Zhang Yixin, Huang Haoyan, Wang Chenggang. The Influence of Affective Perspective Selection Ability on Children’s Peer Relationship -The Mediating Role of Prosocial Behavior[J]. Journal of Shaanxi Xueqian Normal University, 2022, 38(11): 48-55.

[12] van Doesum, N. J., de Vries, R. E., Blokland, A. A. J., Hill, J. M., Kuhlman, D. M., Stivers, A. W., van Lange, P. A. M. Social mindfulness: Prosocial the active way[J]. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2020, 15(2): 183–193.

[13] Yang Jiawei, Li Dongling, Liu Jianrong. The Influence of Perceived Social Hostility on College Students’ Aggression: The Role of Negative Emotional Experience[J]. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, 2021, 19(3): 382-388.

[14] Imke L. J., Anne-Kathrin J. F., Niels J. V. D., Paul A. M. V. L., Dick J. V., & Lydia K. Social mindfulness and psychosis: Neural response to socially mindful behavior in first-episode psychosis and patients at clinical high-risk[J]. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2019, 13: Article 47.

[15] Chen Qi, Chen Bing, Liu Lai, Zhao Yufan, Wu Zonghui. The Promotion Effect of Oxytocin on Social Mindfulness [J]. Journal of Psychological Science, 2020, 43(3): 712-717.

[16] Rusbult C. E.., & van Lange P. A. M. Interdependence, interaction, and relationships[J]. Annual Review of Psychology, 2009, 54: 351-375.

[17] Light S. N., Moran Z. D., Swander L., Le V., Cage B., Burghy C.,... Davidson, R. J. Electromyographically assessed empathic concern and empathic happiness predict increased prosocial behavior in adults[J]. Biological Psychology, 2015, 104: 116–129.

[18] Dou Kai, Nie Yangang, Wang Yujie, Liu Yaozhong. Trust or Defence? The Enhancing Effect of Perceived Social Mindfulness on Cooperative Behavior during Interactive Game[J]. Journal of Psychological Science, 2018, 41(2): 390-396.

[19] Rand D. G. Cooperation, fast and slow: Meta-analytic evidence for a theory of social heuristics and self-interested deliberation [J]. Psychological Science, 2016, 27(9): 1192-1206.

[20] Wang Huaiyong, Xu Yamei, Yue Siyi, Chen Yajiao. The Impact of Perceived Social Mindfulness on Trust Repair: The Moderating Role of Social Distance and Temporal Distance[J]. Journal of Psychological Science, 2023, 46(1): 113-120.