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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(16); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061601.

Research on differences in fertility intention of only child and non-only child


Junji Li

Corresponding Author:
Junji Li

School of Economics, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430048, China


With the development of social economy and the policy adjustment, the one-child policy has been implemented in many countries. The difference in fertility intention between one-child families and non-one-child families has become a topic of great concern. The aim of this research was to investigate the differences in fertility intentions between one-child and non-only-child families and to analyze individual characteristics and family environmental factors that influence fertility intentions.By collecting and analyzing questionnaire data from 10,000 samples, we found that only child families have generally low fertility intention scores, compared with relatively high scores in non-only child families. Moreover, the results of the correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between only child and fertility intention score, indicating that only child families tend to have lower fertility intention.Further analysis indicated that family type, age, education level and income level were key factors influencing fertility intention. Non-one-child families, younger age groups, higher education level and higher income levels were positively correlated with higher fertility intention scores. This indicates that personal characteristics and family environment have significant effects on fertility intention.The results of this research are important to understand the social impact of one-child policy and developing the relevant policies. For the government and social institutions, attention should be paid to the fertility willingness of one-child families, and provide better support and encouragement, so as to balance the population structure and promote stable social development.


Only child, Non-only child, Fertility will, Personal characteristics, Family environment

Cite This Paper

Junji Li. Research on differences in fertility intention of only child and non-only child. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 16: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061601.


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