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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(18); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061822.

Gender Differences in Career Counseling:Influencing Factors and Coping Strategies


Gao Yanxia1,2

Corresponding Author:
Gao Yanxia

1Shanxi Technology and Business College, Taiyuan, China, 030000

2Philippine Christian University, Manila Philippine 1004


Gender differences significantly impact individuals' career choices, opportunities, and counseling needs. This paper examines gender differences in career counseling, focusing on influencing factors and coping strategies. The study draws on Social Role Theory and Gender Schema Theory as theoretical frameworks to understand the complex interplay between gender and career development. Through literature review and interviews, qualitative data is collected to explore the impact of gender on career counseling experiences and outcomes. The findings highlight the influence of societal expectations, family influences, gender bias, and discrimination on career choices. Gender-specific challenges, such as stereotype threat, confidence issues, and work-life balance concerns, are identified. Coping strategies, including mentorship, empowerment training, and supportive networks, are discussed as valuable interventions in career counseling. The study recommends practical strategies to promote gender equality in career development. These strategies include promoting awareness and education about gender biases, creating supportive work environments that value diversity, and integrating gender-sensitive approaches in career counseling practice. By recognizing and addressing the unique needs and experiences of individuals of different genders, more inclusive and equitable career environments can be created, leading to positive career outcomes and contributing to a diverse and thriving workforce.


gender differences, career counseling, influencing factors, coping strategies, Social Role Theory, Gender Schema Theory, gender equality

Cite This Paper

Gao Yanxia. Gender Differences in Career Counseling:Influencing Factors and Coping Strategies. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 18: 133-141. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.061822.


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