Yili Normal University, Yining, Xinjiang, 835000, China
Entrepreneurship is an effective means to solve the employment problem of college students, increase employment opportunities, and solve poverty. The study of entrepreneurial intention can clarify the formation mechanism of college students' entrepreneurial intention and provide theoretical guidance on how to intervene in college students' entrepreneurial behavior. Through a review of previous studies, it has been found that college students' entrepreneurial intention is influenced by both endogenous and exogenous factors, and the effects of self-efficacy and psychological capital have achieved relatively consistent results. However, the role of exogenous factors still needs further research. On the basis of reviewing previous research, this article proposes several research opinions, such as the need for further research on the impact of multiple variables on entrepreneurial intention. In addition, expanding research on the field of entrepreneurial intention should be conducted from the perspectives of sample characteristics, research methods, etc.
Entrepreneurship intention; the employment of college students; the Internet
Chang Lijia. Overview of Entrepreneurial Intention of College Students. Frontiers in Educational Research (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 21: 137-144. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2023.062123.
 F. Kong, L. Zhao, and C.-H. Tsai, “The Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Intention and Action: The Effects of Fear of Failure and Role Model,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 11, 2020,
 F. Liñán and Y. Chen, “Development and Cross–Cultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 593–617, May 2009.
 M. M. Baluku, J. F. Kikooma, K. Otto, C. J. König, and N. ul H. Bajwa, “Positive Psychological Attributes and Entrepreneurial Intention and Action: The Moderating Role of Perceived Family Support,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 11, 2020.
 I. Ajzen, “The theory of planned behavior,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 179–211, Dec. 1991,
 E. Schröder, E. Schmitt-Rodermund, and N. Arnaud, “Career Choice Intentions of Adolescents With a Family Business Background,” Family Business Review, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 305–321, Dec. 2011.
 J. Zhang, J. Huang, and S. Ye, “The impact of career adaptability on college students’ entrepreneurial intentions: a moderated mediation effect of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and gender,” Curr Psychol, Apr. 2023.
 T. Kautonen, M. Van Gelderen, and M. Fink, “Robustness of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Predicting Entrepreneurial Intentions and Actions,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 655–674, May 2015.
 N. F. Krueger, M. D. Reilly, and A. L. Carsrud, “Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 411–432, Sep. 2000,
 A. Bandura, “Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Volume 1,” in Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Volume 1, London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2012, pp. 349–374. doi: 10. 4135/ 9781446249215.
 H. E. Nwosu, P. C. Obidike, J. N. Ugwu, C. C. Udeze, and U. C. Okolie, “Applying social cognitive theory to placement learning in business firms and students’ entrepreneurial intentions,” The International Journal of Management Education, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 100602, Mar. 2022.
 F. Luthans and C. M. Youssef, “Human, Social, and Now Positive Psychological Capital Management: Investing in People for Competitive Advantage,” Organizational Dynamics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 143–160, May 2004.
 S.-Y. Gao and J. Huang, “Effect of Narcissistic Personality on Entrepreneurial Intention Among College Students: Mediation Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, 2022.
 H. Muzaffar, “Does passion ignite intentions? Understanding the influence of entrepreneurial passion on the entrepreneurial career intentions of higher education students,” Int J Educ Vocat Guidance, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 111–130, Apr. 2023.
 L. Ping, L. Shuang-Wen, Z. Shao-Bin, and L. Chun-Hui, “A Study on Factors Affecting Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions in HIT,” in 2017 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering (ICMSE), , pp. 358–362. Aug. 2017.
 G. Asimakopoulos, V. Hernández, and J. Peña Miguel, “Entrepreneurial Intention of Engineering Students: The Role of Social Norms and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy,” Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 16, Art. no. 16, Jan. 2019.
 Q. D. Nguyen and H. T. Nguyen, “Entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention: The mediating role of entrepreneurial capacity,” The International Journal of Management Education, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 100730, Mar. 2023.
 T. M. H. Le, H. Hoang, and S.-T. Nguyen, “Does entrepreneurial training change minds? a case study among Southeast Asian business students,” Irish Educational Studies, Apr. 2023.
 L. Huang, X. Bai, L. Huang, Y. Huang, and G. Han, “How Does College Students’ Entrepreneurial Learning Influence Entrepreneurial Intention: Evidence from China,” Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 12, Art. no. 12, Jan. 2023.
 S. Mukhtar, L. W. Wardana, A. Wibowo, and B. S. Narmaditya, “Does entrepreneurship education and culture promote students’ entrepreneurial intention? The mediating role of entrepreneurial mindset,” Cogent Education, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 1918849, Jan. 2021.
 L. Zhang, Q. Li, T. Zhou, C. Li, C. Gu, and X. Zhao, “Social Creativity and Entrepreneurial Intentions of College Students: Mediated by Career Adaptability and Moderated by Parental Entrepreneurial Background,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 13, 2022.
 J. Zhang and J. Huang, “Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Mediates the Impact of the Post-pandemic Entrepreneurship Environment on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, 2021, Accessed: Jul. 18, 2023.
 G. Shirokova, O. Osiyevskyy, and K. Bogatyreva, “Exploring the intention–behavior link in student entrepreneurship: Moderating effects of individual and environmental characteristics,” European Management Journal, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 386–399, Aug. 2016.
 J. Lyu, D. Shepherd, and K. Lee, “From intentional to nascent student entrepreneurs: The moderating role of university entrepreneurial offerings,” Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 100305, Jan. 2023.
 C. Schlaegel and M. Koenig, “Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intent: A Meta–Analytic Test and Integration of Competing Models,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 291–332, Mar. 2014.
 G. Tingting, Y. Jiangfeng, and Y. Yinghua, “A bibliometric analysis of college students’ entrepreneurial intention from 2000 to 2020: Research trends and hotspots,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 13, 2022.
 R. M. Batista-Canino, L. Santana-Hernández, and P. Medina-Brito, “A scientometric analysis on entrepreneurial intention literature: Delving deeper into local citation,” Heliyon, vol. 9, no. 2, p. e13046, Feb. 2023.
 D. Lihua, “An Extended Model of the Theory of Planned Behavior: An Empirical Study of Entrepreneurial Intention and Entrepreneurial Behavior in College Students,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, 2022.
 M. S. Karim, V. Sena, and M. Hart, “Developing entrepreneurial career intention in entrepreneurial university: the role of counterfactual thinking,” Studies in Higher Education, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1023–1035, May 2022.
 W. Zhang, Y. Li, Q. Zeng, M. Zhang, and X. Lu, “Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention among College Students: A Meta-Analysis.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 19, no. 19, Jan. 2022.