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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(21); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.062111.

Unsaid Loneliness: The Study on Alienated Emotions of Winesbung, Ohio and The Ballad of the Sad Cafe during the American Industrial Transformation


Duan Yiqi

Corresponding Author:
Duan Yiqi

Institute of Foreign Language and Literature, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, China


Since the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, great changes have taken place in American society. Agricultural cities began to transform into industrial cities, and people changed the original mode of production and engaged in work in the industrial society. This shift particularly pronounced in small towns in the Midwest and South. Compared with the rapid transformation of metropolitans, small town’s life retained a large degree of agricultural lifestyles and habits. This paper takes two books, Winesbung, Ohio and The Ballad of the Sad Cafe which were written in the period of the industrial society as examples, and focuses on small towns in the Midwest and South of the United States to express emotion changing in the process of transformation. Emotions have changed from the explicit emotions in the romantic period to the hidden and alienated emotions in the industrial society. With the influence of modernity, loneliness of people becomes increasingly obvious, which leads to madness and carnivalization. However, these emotions are eventually repressed at last. This paper precisely confirms difficult states of loneliness people in modern industrialized society and also provides reference for the state of loneliness and alienation in current world.


Winesbung, Ohio; The Ballad of the Sad Cafe; Loneliness; Emotion study

Cite This Paper

Duan Yiqi. Unsaid Loneliness: The Study on Alienated Emotions of Winesbung, Ohio and The Ballad of the Sad Cafe during the American Industrial Transformation. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 21: 67-71. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.062111.


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