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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(23); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.062305.

The influence of attachment on bullying behavior on campus: The moderating effect of physical exercise


Wang Jingnan1, Ou Min1, Huang Zhongjie2, Tian Yanyan1, Wang Haiqing1

Corresponding Author:
Wang Jingnan

1College of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, China

2Lanzhou No.82 Middle School, Lanzhou, China


This study explores the impact of attachment on campus bullying behaviour and the moderating effect of physical exercise. A questionnaire survey was conducted among students in a middle school in Lanzhou, using a self-designed general demographic questionnaire, a Physical Activity Rating Scale, a questionnaire on middle school students' campus bullying behaviour, and an Experiences in Close Relationships Scale. A total of 354 questionnaires were collected, and after examining the completion time and eliminating invalid questionnaires (4 in total), 350 valid questionnaires were obtained, with an effective rate of 98.87%. After organizing the data, SPSS was used for analysis. The results showed significant correlations between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, physical exercise, and campus bullying behaviour (ps<0.01). Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance positively predicted campus bullying behaviour (β=0.411, t=8.420, p<0.001; β=0.226, t=4.326, p<0.001). Physical exercise moderated the effects of attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance on campus bullying behaviour (β=-0.193, t=-4.321, p<0.001; β=-0.146, t=-3.082, p<0.01). Higher levels of attachment avoidance and anxiety are associated with higher occurrences of campus bullying behavior, but physical exercise can mitigate the effects of attachment anxiety and avoidance on such behavior. These findings suggest that parents and schools should prioritize physical exercise and provide more opportunities for adolescents to engage in sports activities. This not only helps adolescents alleviate stress and improve their awareness of rules but also promotes their physical and mental health development, as well as contributes to the establishment of a positive campus culture.


Attachment; Campus Bullying Behaviour; Aggressive Behaviour; Physical Exercise; Adolescents

Cite This Paper

Wang Jingnan, Ou Min, Huang Zhongjie, Tian Yanyan, Wang Haiqing. The influence of attachment on bullying behavior on campus: The moderating effect of physical exercise. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 23: 30-35. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.062305.


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