Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Frontiers in Educational Research, 2024, 7(4); doi: 10.25236/FER.2024.070401.

Generative Artificial Intelligence in Chinese Higher Education: Chinese Undergraduates’ Use, Perception, and Attitudes


Yican Li, Yuhua Deng, Beng Peng, Yating He, Yalei Luo, Qianzi Liu

Corresponding Author:
Yuhua Deng

School of International Studies, Hunan Institute of Technology, Hengyang, China


This study aims to investigate the perceptions and use of as well as attitudes towards generative Artificial Intelligence (AI), like ChatGPT, among Chinese undergraduates. Through a questionnaire survey conducted at the Hunan Institute of Technology, the study uncovers a majority inclination to incorporate generative AI as an auxiliary tool in education. It also reveals optimism about generative AI’s capability to enhance personalized learning, essay guidance, and programming assistance. Conversely, respondents identified areas where generative AI is precluded from replacing traditional learning methods and raised both ethical and technical concerns. Pedagogical implications based on the findings propose a blended learning strategy, the development of ethical usage guidelines, and continuous AI education for both instructors and students. The study is significant in offering insights for instructors, developers, and policymakers in fostering effective and ethical generative AI integration in higher education. Further research in diverse settings is also suggested for a more comprehensive understanding of generative AI in Chinese higher education.


ChatGPT, education, generative AI, use and perception

Cite This Paper

Yican Li, Yuhua Deng, Beng Peng, Yating He, Yalei Luo, Qianzi Liu. Generative Artificial Intelligence in Chinese Higher Education: Chinese Undergraduates’ Use, Perception, and Attitudes. Frontiers in Educational Research (2024) Vol. 7, Issue 4: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2024.070401.


[1] Bozkurt A. Generative artificial intelligence (AI) powered conversational educational agents: The inevitable paradigm shift [J]. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 2023, 18(1).

[2] Budhwar P, Chowdhury S, Wood G, et al. Human resource management in the age of generative artificial intelligence: Perspectives and research directions on ChatGPT[J]. Human Resource Management Journal, 2023, 33(3): 606-659.

[3] Baidoo-Anu D, Ansah L O. Education in the era of generative artificial intelligence (AI): Understanding the potential benefits of ChatGPT in promoting teaching and learning [J]. Journal of AI, 2023, 7(1): 52-62.

[4] Shen-Berro J. New York City Schools blocked ChatGPT. Here’s what other large districts are doing. [J]. Chalkbeat, 2023.

[5] Yang M. New York City schools ban AI chatbot that writes essays and answers prompts [J]. The Guardian, 2023, 6.

[6] Firat M. What ChatGPT means for universities: Perceptions of scholars and students [J]. Journal of Applied Learning and Teaching, 2023, 6(1): 57-63.

[7] Haensch A C, Ball S, Herklotz M, et al. Seeing ChatGPT through students’ eyes: An analysis of TikTok data[J]. arXiv preprint arXiv:2303.05349, 2023.

[8] Dahlkemper M N, Lahme S Z, Klein P. How do physics students evaluate ChatGPT responses on comprehension questions? A study on the perceived scientific accuracy and linguistic quality[J]. arXiv preprint arXiv:2304.05906, 2023.

[9] Bonsu E, Baffour-Koduah D. From the Consumers’ Side: Determining Students’ Perception and Intention to Use ChatGPTin Ghanaian Higher Education[J]. Available at SSRN 4387107, 2023.