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Frontiers in Educational Research, 2024, 7(6); doi: 10.25236/FER.2024.070610.

Research on Empirical Analysis of the Equity of Compulsory Education in Rural Areas of China


Sensen Wang

Corresponding Author:
Sensen Wang

School of Mathematics and Information, Xinjiang Hetian University, Hetian, Xinjiang, China


The Educational equity is an important cornerstone of social equity. Based on the per capita education expenditure of rural ordinary junior high school and primary school students in 31 provinces, municipalities and districts in China from 2000 to 2021, this paper uses Dagum Gini coefficient method to calculate the per capita education expenditure of students in China. The study found that the Gini coefficient of per capita education expenditure for junior high school students in China showed an "S" fluctuating downward trend in the range of 0.245-0.324 over the years, and the per capita education expenditure of rural junior high school students was relatively fair on the whole. The Gini coefficient of per capita education expenditure for primary school students fluctuated between 0.223 and 0.315 over the years, and the education expenditure was relatively fair on the whole. Based on this, policy suggestions are put forward: further improve the reform of the public finance system, increase the guarantee of compulsory education funds in rural areas, and realize the high-quality development of rural compulsory education and rural revitalization at the same frequency and in the same direction; Promote the balanced development of compulsory education when optimizing the allocation of educational funds and resources; Pay attention to the balanced allocation of education funds in the region.


Rural areas, Compulsory education, Education funding per pupil, Dagum Gini coefficient method, Educational equity

Cite This Paper

Sensen Wang. Research on Empirical Analysis of the Equity of Compulsory Education in Rural Areas of China. Frontiers in Educational Research (2024) Vol. 7, Issue 6: 71-79. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2024.070610.


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