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Frontiers in Educational Research, 2020, 3(3); doi: 10.25236/FER.2020.030306.

Implications of Grade-Oriented Shadow Education in Children’s Sustainability of Physical, Emotional and Academic Development


Yangbang Hu

Corresponding Author:
Yangbang Hu

The University of Hongkong 999077


Shadow education becomes a global phenomenon and is prevalent in many parts of teachers, parents, and educators. Some parents send their children to private tutoring classes when children are very young, still in nurseries or kindergartens. Critics often remark that with such practices, parents “steal their childhoods.” Based on the premise that sustainability is one of the most critical variables in children’s childhood, the essay will focus on answering the question that how shadow education undermines children’s sustainability of childhood by discussing the negative influences of grade-oriented shadow education in children’ physical, emotional and academic development.


Shadow education; Sustainable development; Private tutoring, Children’s development; Motivation

Cite This Paper

Yangbang Hu. Implications of Grade-Oriented Shadow Education in Children’s Sustainability of Physical, Emotional and Academic Development. Frontiers in Educational Research (2020) Vol. 3 Issue 3: 22-25. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2020.030306.


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