Li Jianhui1, Miao Miao1, Li Xuwu2*
1 Physical Education Department, Guangzhou Vocational College of Technology & Business, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
2 Physical Education Department, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510420, China
This study explored the effect of long-term aerobic dance exercise on serum immunoglobulin and T lymphocyte subsets in middle-aged and elderly people. 16 healthy middle-aged and elderly people volunteered to participate in the experiment, 8 subjects performed 3 times exercises per week, and 8 subjects performed 5 times exercises per week, each exercise time was 60 minutes. After 12 weeks, the changes of serum immunoglobulin IgG, IgA, IgM and T lymphocyte subsets were observed after participating in sports dance exercises. In the present pilot study, we found that , the serum immunoglobulin IgG of subjects who performed 3 times a week and 5 times a week significantly increased (P<0.01), and CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ all increased significantly (P<0.05), and the increase in serum index of the group who exercised 5 times a week was relatively high. But compared with the exercise 3 times a week, there was no significant difference between the groups (P>0.05). The serum IgA and IgM in both groups only showed an increasing trend, while CD8+ decreased slightly (P>0.05). The 12-week sports dance exercise can significantly increase the ratio of serum immunoglobulin IgG content and serum CD4+/CD8+ in healthy middle-aged and elderly people, and improve the immune function of the body. It seems that the effect of the exercise on the group who did it 5 times per week is better.
Sports dance, Middle-aged and elderly people, Serum immunoglobulin, T lymphocyte subsets
Li Jianhui, Miao Miao, Li Xuwu. Effects of Long-Term Physical Dance Exercise on Serum Immunoglobulin and T Lymphocyte Subsets in Middle-Aged and Elderly People. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2020) Vol. 3, Issue 8: 116-122. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2020.030811.
 Hu Baiping, Wu Xiaojie. The effect of high-intensity exercise on immune function and its possible mechanism. Liaoning Sports Science and Technology, 2011, 5(36): 20-23.
 Gong Xun. The effect of different exercise intensity on the level of immunoglobulin and T lymphocyte subsets in college students. Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural Reclamation University, 2016, 4(28):143-146.
 Zhou Yanlin, Tie Ying. Research on aerobic exercise to enhance the immunity of female college students. China Rural Health Service Management, 2012.10(32):1071-1072.
 Jiang Guifeng, Huang Qiping, Wan Yanping. The effect of aerobic exercise on the immunoglobulin level of female college students. Journal of Beijing Sport University, 2005, 8(28): 1091-1092.
 Fan Jinqin. The effect of Wulong on the immunoglobulin and leukocytes of male college students. Journal of Guangzhou Institute of Physical Education, 2010, 6(30): 83-86.
 Jiao Wei. Research on the effects of vigorous exercise on the body's immune function and the detection and adjustment methods. Beijing: Beijing Sport University Press, 2003: 90-91.
 Lu Yongmei, Zhang Hong, Xu Ling. The effect of fluid replacement on the immune function of the elderly during exercise. Practical Geriatrics, 2008, 22 (3): 205-209.
 Danilo. Menicucci A, Piarulli F. Interactions between immune, stress-related hormonal and cardiovascular systems following strenuous physical exercise. Archives ItaliennesBiologie, 2013, 3(151):126-136.
 Lu Jiaqi. The effect of different sports load on the immune system function and serum growth hormone level of juvenile speed roller skaters. Journal of Xi’an Institute of Physical Education, 2008, 2 (17):85-88.
 Jia Qiansheng. Biomechanical analysis of muscle strength characteristics of shoulder joints during horizontal flexion and extension exercises. Journal of Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, 2015, 4(27):139-144.
 Li Minghao, Zhao Debao. The function of sports to improve the sub-health of college students. China Metallurgical Education, 2015, 11 (2): 267-268.
 Wang Chunhua, Hu Ling, Liu Lei. Research on the correlation between fatigue and immune indexes of people in sub-health state. Clinical Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2015,10(1):216-217.
 Li Xue, Su Quansheng, Hu Yushi. Sub-health risk analysis and exercise intervention of outdoor manual workers. Journal of Chengdu Sport University, 2015, 11(2): 349-350.