Graduated from School of International Studies, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, Guangdong Province, China
This review introduces Robert Putnam’s article “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two Level Games” and analyzes its merits and limitations. Putnam’s article is an approach to analyzing international foreign policy beyond the state-centric assumption and placing focus on domestic factions, which are pillar causes determining the ‘ratification’ of international agreements. Diplomacy, in Putnam’s view, is not only the affairs for professional diplomats, but also a public agenda for various social groups, thus the “win-set” in negotiation of a state actor should be determined by their respective domestic situations. The review concedes that Putnam’s idea is comprehensive and provides new foundations for IR research after the system-based approach, but his comprehensiveness is also a defect for his theory compared with his latecomers.
two-level games, diplomacy, ratification, domestic politics
Yongzhen Lai. Domestic Politics Matters in Diplomacy: A Brief Review on Robert Putnam’s “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics". Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2021) Vol. 4, Issue 7: 77-81. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2021.040714.
 Fearon, James D. (1994), “Domestic Political Audience and the Escalation of International Disputes” American Political Science Review, Vol.88, No.3.
 Keohane, R., & Nye, J., (2011), Power and Interdependence, 4th edition, Pearson.
 Moravcsik, Andrew (1997), “Taking Preference Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics” International Organizations, Vol. 51, No.4.
 Putnam, Robert D. (1988), “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Tow-level Games” International Organization, Vol.42, No.3.
 Waltz, K., (2001), Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis, New York: Columbia University Press.