Wang Wei, Xiao Qiaodan
College of Public Administration and Law, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China
The matching of central and provincial governments' policy themes and the correspondence between them are important for measuring the accurate delivery of policies. Such measurement can directly reflect policy connections between the central and provincial governments and is helpful in understanding the strength and effect of policy implementation. In this study of animal epidemic prevention and control policy texts issued by central and provincial government departments from 1972 to 2019, the themes of the texts were determined by the segmentation of high- and low-frequency keywords, and the quantitative analysis was carried out in four dimensions: the year, number, subject and theme of each policy. The findings indicate that the central government takes the initiative in preventing and controlling animal epidemics and adjusts prevention and control measures through feedback, mostly using restrictive tools. The provincial governments’ prevention and control of animal epidemics are a combination of active and passive types, and the tools used basically have the same characteristics as those used by the central government. The central government has formed an animal epidemic prevention and control emergency management decision-making group with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of the People’s Republic of China and the State Administration for Market Supervision and Administration as the core. The policy text themes of provincial governments and agricultural animal disease prevention and control management departments match more closely than those of the central government. The study suggests that the central government's animal epidemic prevention and control policy themes can increase coverage and promote the implementation of provincial government prevention and control management measures. Provincial governments can form decision-making groups for the emergency management of animal epidemics, mobilize enthusiasm for animal epidemic prevention and control and receive feedback information, and enhance their ability to actively intervene in epidemic prevention and control.
Major animal epidemics; Quantitative analysis; Policy text; Policy innovation diffusion
Wang Wei, Xiao Qiaodan. Comparative study on prevention and control policies of major animal epidemics in China—Quantitative analysis of policy texts from 1972-2019. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2021) Vol. 4, Issue 10: 38-49. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2021.041010.
 Luo Li, Liu Fang, He Zhongwei. Research on epidemic Prevention and control Behavior of Farmers in public Crisis of Major Animal Epidemic -- An Analysis based on Game Theory [J]. The world's agricultural,2016(02):56-62+199.(in chinese)
 Ren Tao, HUANG Cui, SU Jun. The Path and development Trend of public Policy text research [J]. Chinese Administration, 2017(5):96-101.(in chinese)
 Liu Wei. Application of content analysis in the study of public management [J]. Chinese Administration,2014(06):93-98.(in chinese)
 Wang Qian, Song Wei. Comparative analysis of research methods of science and technology Policy [J]. Science and Technology in Chinese universities,2015(09):21-23.(in chinese)
 Gao Weijun, MA Dong-lin, ZHANG Qi-wen. Research on text topic extraction method based on ontology [J]. Computer application and software,2012,29(02):54-56.(in chinese)
 Wei Ruibin. Thematic Analysis of Keyword Based Information Science Research [J]. Information Science,2006(09):1400-1404+1434.(in chinese)
 Lee Tongrui. International Animal Epidemic Report(January-June 1991)[J]. Chinese Veterinary Science and Technology,1992(05):43-44.(in chinese)
 Chen Sheng-wen, HE Tao, WU Hai-bao, LUO Wei-hong. Thoughts on the Establishment of reporting System for major Animal Epidemic diseases [J]. Veterinary Guide,2020(13):57.(in chinese)
 Guo Yue, He Linsheng, SU Jun. "Tool-Narrate-Feedback" : a research framework of behavioral Public Policy [J]. Chinese administration,2020(05):71-78.(in chinese)
 Sun Tao, Wen Xuemei. Regional Environmental Governance from the perspective of Government-to-government relations -- A Quantitative analysis based on the Text of Air governance policies in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region [J]. Urban development research,2017,24(12):45-53.(in chinese)
 Xu Yang, Wang Qi, Kong Deyi. Historical Evolution and Structural Characteristics of Marine Environmental Protection Policies in China -- A Quantitative Analysis based on policy Text [J]. Journal of Shanghai University of Administration,2016,17(04):81-91.(in chinese)
 Zhou zhibo. Legal analysis of horizontal inter-governmental coordination in trans-regional public emergencies [J]. Journal of university of science and technology Beijing (social science edition), 2020,36(05):74-83.(in chinese)
 Yang Pei. Research on Policy Implementation Deviation of Animal Epidemic Prevention and control under public Crisis -- Based on the Perspective of target Group [J]. Anhui agricultural science bulletin,2015,21(17):105-106+109.(in chinese)
 Peng Siyao. Publicizing animal epidemic to promote veterinary system reform [J]. Jiangxi Journal of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine,2004(03):33-34.(in chinese)
 OLMSTEAD Alan L, RHODE Paul W.Arresting contagion:science, policy, and conflicts over animal disease control[M].Cambridge, Massachusetts:Harvard University Press, 2015:400-480.
 Zhang Haibo. The Whole Process Balance of emergency Management: a New Issue [J]. China Administration,2020(03):123-130.(in chinese)
 Li Jian, ZHANG Wenting. Research on the Diffusion of Government Service Purchase Policy -- An event history Analysis based on the data of 31 provinces [J]. China Soft Science,2019(05):60-67.(in chinese)