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International Journal of New Developments in Education, 2022, 4(2); doi: 10.25236/IJNDE.2022.040201.

A Diachronic Study on the Fine Categorization of Chinese Synonymous Category Classifier Constructions


Jinhai Wang1, Fengxiang Yang1

Corresponding Author:
Jinhai Wang

1Zhengzhou University of Aeronautics, Zhengzhou, China


Based on multiple corpora, this study combines qualitative research and quantitative research and takes the category classifier of ancient Chinese as the research object, with the aim to investigate the cognitive mechanism of fine categorization thinking and embodiment reflected by the Chinese nationality in the process of its construction. The results show that: 1) Metonymy plays a leading role in the formation of "X Zhong/Lei N" category classfier construction and is responsible for "concrete relevance" while metaphor plays a leading role in the evolution of its construction and is responsible for "abstract analogy". 2) The mechanism of constructions extension is not limited to the four types proposed by Goldberg: metaphor, polysemy, exemplification and subcategorization, but also involves metonymy in the extension of Chinese synonymous category classifier constructions.


synonymous category classifier; construction; categorization; diachronic study

Cite This Paper

Jinhai Wang, Fengxiang Yang. A Diachronic Study on the Fine Categorization of Chinese Synonymous Category Classifier Constructions. International Journal of New Developments in Education (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 2: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJNDE.2022.040201.


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