Welcome to Francis Academic Press

International Journal of Frontiers in Engineering Technology, 2022, 4(2); doi: 10.25236/IJFET.2022.040201.

Verification of Safety Culture Elements Based on Quantitative Data Analysis


Zhishun Huang, Siying Yu, Chuan Yang, Qiwen Lu, Zhifeng Chen, Wei Jiang

Corresponding Author:
Wei Jiang

School of Emergency Management and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing, China


This paper researched how to verify the 32 safety culture elements based on the research of the task group. Through the research of the verification literature of safety culture elements, five aspects of safety culture verification were obtained: safety culture elements induction, data analysis of safety culture quantitative measurement, extraction of safety culture elements in accident cases, extraction of safety culture elements in enterprise interviews and interpretation of safety culture elements. 53 safety culture elements were inducted by safety culture elements. Through analysing the quantitative data of safety culture, it is found that Element 24 had no significant difference among the two extreme groups, and the discrimination was low. In the accidents case, 28 elements of safety culture were extracted, so that 5 of the 32 elements were removed, and finally 27 safety culture elements were obtained.


Safety Culture; Safety Culture Elements; Quantitative Measurement; Safety Culture Elements Induction

Cite This Paper

Zhishun Huang, Siying Yu, Chuan Yang, Qiwen Lu, Zhifeng Chen, Wei Jiang. Verification of Safety Culture Elements Based on Quantitative Data Analysis. International Journal of Frontiers in Engineering Technology (2022), Vol. 4, Issue 2: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJFET.2022.040201.


[1] Christopher, B.F., Timothy D. L., Brian, W. and Steve, R. (2013) A hierarchical factor analysis of a safety culture survey. Journal of Safety Research, 45, 15–28.

[2] Seo, D.C., Mohammad, R.T., Blair, E.H. and Ellis, Nancy.T. (2004) A cross-validation of safety climate scale using confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Safety Research, 35, 427– 445.

[3] W, Warwick., Purdy, S.C., Storey, L., Nakhla, M., Gael, B. (2007) Towards more elective methods for changing perceptions of noise in the workplace. Safety Science, 45, 431–447.

[4] Wu,C.L., Song, X.Y., Wang, T. and Fang, D.P. (2015) Core Dimensions of the Construction Safety Climate for a Standardized Safety-Climate Measurement. Journal of Construction Engineering & Management, 141(8), 4-15.

[5] Brown, K.A., Willis, P.G., Prussia, G.E.(2000) Predicting safe employee behaviour in the steel Industry: Development and test of a socio-technical model. Journal of Operations Management, 18, 445-465.

[6] Evans, B., Glendon, I., Creed, P. (2007) Development and initial validation of an Aviation Safety Climate Scale. Journal of Safety Research, 38, 675–682.

[7] Wet, C., Spence, W., Mash, R., Johnson, P. and Bowie, P. (2010) The development and psychometric evaluation of a safety climate measurefor primary care. Quality & Safety Health Care, 19(6), 578-584.

[8] Fernández-Muñiz, B., Montes-Peón, M.J., José Vázquez-Ordás, C. (2007) Safety culture: Analysis of the causal relationships between its key dimensions. Journal of Safety Research, 38, 627–641

[9] Stewart, J.M. (2002) Managing for World Class Safety. New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1-31.

[10] Fu, G., Li, C.X., G.J. (2009) Investigations into the impacts of enterprise safety culture and its quantitative measuring. China Safety Science Journal, 19 (1), 86-92. (In Chinese)

[11] Smith, M., Cohen, H., Cohen, A. and Cleveland, R. (1978) Characteristics of successful safety programs. Journal of Safety Research, 10 (1), 5-15.

[12] Zohar, D. (1980) Safety Climate in Industrial Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Implications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65 (1), 96-102.

[13] Glennon, D.P. (1982) Safety climate in organisations. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Ergonomics Society of Australia and New Zealand, 17-31.

[14] Brown, R.L., Holmes, H. (1986) The use of a factor analytic procedure for assessing the validity of an employee safety climate model. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 18 (6), 445-470.

[15] Cox, S., Cox, T. (1991) The structure of employee attitudes to safety: A European example. Work and Stress, 5, 93-106.

[16] Wu, M.L. (2003) SPSS statistical applications. Beijing: Science Press, 107. (In Chinese)